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Blizzards/Heavy Snow:

Blizzards are dangerous winter storms that are a combination of blowing snow and wind resulting in very low visibilities. While heavy snowfalls and severe cold often accompany blizzards, they are not required. Sometimes strong winds pick up snow that has already fallen, creating a ground blizzard.

Officially, the National Weather Service defines a blizzard as a storm which contains large amounts of snow OR blowing snow, with winds in excess of 35 mph and visibilities of less than 1/4 of a mile for an extended period of time (at least 3 hours). When these conditions are expected, the National Weather Service will issue a "Blizzard Warning". When these conditions are not expected to occur simultaneously, but one or two of these conditions are expected, a "Winter Storm Warning" or "Heavy Snow Warning" may be issued.

Suggestions for a Winter Emergency road Kit:

Traction mat    


wool blanket


call for help sign

plastic tarp

snow shovel

jumper cables  

snow chains


Flooding/Heavy Rains

Flash floods can strike any time and any place with little or no warning. In mountainous or flat terrain, distant rain may be channeled into gullies and ravines, turning a quiet streamside campsite into a rampaging torrent in minutes. City streets can become rivers in seconds. Observe these flash flood safety rules. They could save your life.

  • Keep alert for signs of heavy rain (thunder and lightning), both where you are and upstream. Watch for rising water levels.
  • Know where high ground is and get there quickly if you see or hear rapidly rising water.
  • Be especially cautious at night. It's harder to recognize the danger then.
  • Do not attempt to cross flowing water which may be more than knee deep. If you have doubts, don't cross.
  • Don't try to drive through flooded areas.
  • If your vehicle stalls, abandon it and seek higher ground immediately.
  • During threatening weather; listen to commercial radio or TV, or NOAA Weather Radio for Watch and Warning Bulletins.

Flash Flood Watch means it is possible that rains will cause flash flooding in the specified area. Be alert and prepared for a flood emergency.

Flash Flood Warning means flash flooding is occurring or is imminent in the specified area. Move to safe ground immediately.