The installation, maintenance, selection, and distribution of portable fire extinguishers shall be in accordance to this section and NFPA 10. Ansul- Sentry dry chemical extinguishers is the standard required extinguisher that is provided in all college buildings. (See Ansul Specifications Attachment #) This provides an A, B, C level of protection. Any new construction or major renovation of campus buildings will require the general contractor to provide the necessary number of extinguishers as described above. Public Safety can also provide extinguishers for small renovations projects.
Special use extinguishers maybe provided in areas that require a different level of protection such as Class D and K hazards. Public Safety must be consulted on any special use extinguisher requirement. All portable extinguishers shall be maintained in fully charged and operable condition and kept in their designated location at all times. Any extinguisher that is missing, damaged or emptied must be reported to the office of Public Safety. Public Safety will replace that extinguisher immediately.
Gettysburg College owns and leases many buildings which are used for housing, education, administration and operation support. The college has provided fire extinguishers throughout the campus facilities to protect the community and to reduce property damage. It also complies with state and federal code requirements as well. NFPA 10 Standards require each extinguisher to be visually inspected monthly and annual service check done. Public Safety Services of Gettysburg College has been assigned the responsibility of conducting the monthly visual and the annual service checks.
The Life and Fire Safety Manager manages the program outlined in this order. The inspection includes verification of the size and type of extinguisher is in the correct location, it is mounted on the wall or in a cabinet, the safety pin in position and secured by a wire tie and the extinguisher is full of extinguishing agent. Any extinguisher that is missing, empty or damaged needs to be replaced immediately
The manager will maintain an inventory of all fire extinguishers owned by the college. This inventory should include a type count by building. This inventory should be updated every month. All extinguishers have a bar code to identify each extinguisher on campus. A bar code reader is used to conduct the monthly inspections and a complete inventory in maintained of all extinguishers. The manager is responsible for the monthly inspections and documentation of those inspections as well as maintaining the inventory.
Every year all fire extinguishers need to be checked for hydro testing. Hydro testing is done because a fire extinguisher is a pressure cylinder and any weak points could prove the extinguisher useless. Every extinguisher has a hydro test date and needs to be returned every five to 6 years depending on the type of extinguisher. Water and Carbon Dioxide Extinguishers are checked every five years and dry chemical extinguisher checked every six years. The officer will remove from service any extinguisher that has an expired date on it or is damaged to the point that it may not pass a hydro test.
Any extinguisher discharged or missing during the monthly inspection will be replaced and reported as mentioned above. When an officer completes their annual service check, the monthly sheet will have that building highlighted by the officer. Annual testing can be completed any time during the year.
The college has many residential apartments where kitchens are provided with fire extinguishers as well. These fire extinguishers will be inspected monthly.
The following protocol will be used:
1. A Life and Fire Safety Building Inspector will knock on the apartment door.
2. When answered by a resident, explain the purpose of the visit and check the extinguisher
3. If no answer to the knock then inspector will open door and loudly and clearly make an announcement that an inspection of the fire extinguisher is being completed. If no answer to the announcement then officer and supervisor shall enter the apartment and inspect the fire extinguisher. These inspections will be conducted on Monday-Friday from 9am to 4pm.
Cabinets housing fire extinguishers shall not be locked. Extinguishers will be mounted within each cabinet so that the front is facing outward so the operating instructions are visible. Cabinets shall not be mounted on a wall any higher than four feet off the ground. All newly installed cabinets will have an anti theft alarm installed in the cabinet and attached to the extinguisher. These alarms sounds an audible sound to deter theft and to alert bystanders of a possible fire extinguisher being tampered with by a vandal. (See Anti Theft Device Attachment for Specifications) These devices have proven to reduce vandalism and theft of extinguishers.
Life and Fire Safety offers fire extinguisher education programs to employees who have been designated by their department to use fire fighting equipment. All other employees who are not designated to use fire fighting equipment and are not trained on the use of fire fighting equipment must evacuate the building immediately. The college must also provide an educational program to familiarize employees with the general principles of fire extinguisher use and the hazards involved with incipient stage fire fighting. The college must provide the education required upon initial employment and at least annually thereafter. All records of fire extinguisher training will be maintained in each employee's record as well as a master list kept by Public Safety.
Extinguisher User Guidelines -
Pull the pin: this will unlock the operating lever on the extinguisher.
Aim - Aim low: Point the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire.
Squeeze - Squeeze the lever. This will discharge the extinguishing agent.
Sweep - Sweep from side to side: Carefully move toward the fire, sweeping the extinguisher across the fire until the flames appear to be extinguished.
Always notify Public Safety whenever a fire extinguisher has been discharged so that replacement equipment may be provided.