Program Description

Gettysburg College's Department of Classics offers a minor in Greek.  Studying ancient languages helps us to understand our own language more clearly and to express ourselves in English with greater precision and persuasive power. Classical literature not only offers the opportunity to examine Greek and Roman cultures through the observations and sentiments of their own writers but may also confront us with such issues as political realism and ethical idealism on a public level and love and death on a personal one.


Program Requirements

Greek Minor
Any six courses in Greek (GRK) at any level; OR any five courses in Greek (GRK) at any level, plus one course in Classics (CLA) at any level.

Course Listing

Course level:

Course level: 100 | 200 | 300 | 400
GRK-101 Ancient and New Testament Greek I
Introduction to ancient Greek in preparation for reading Attic and New Testament texts, with emphasis on vocabulary, pronunciation, morphology, and syntax. Offered every fall.


GRK-102 Ancient & New Testament Greek II
Continuation of Greek I, introduction to ancient Greek in preparation for reading Attic and New Testament texts, with emphasis on vocabulary, pronunciation, morphology, and syntax. Offered every spring. Prerequisite: Greek 101 or placement.


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GRK-201 Intermediate Greek I
Designed to increase the student's skill in reading texts. Selections chosen at the discretion of the instructor. Offered every fall. Prerequisite: Greek 102 or placement.


GRK-202 Intermediate Greek II
Designed to increase the student's skill in reading texts. Selections chosen at the discretion of the instructor. Prerequisite: Greek 201 or placement.


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GRK-300 Plato
Select dialogues by Plato, chosen at the discretion of the instructor. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


GRK-301 Homer
Selections from the Iliad and/or the Odyssey, with attention to Homeric syntax, meter, style, and composition. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


GRK-302 Greek Historians
Selections from the histories of Herodotus, Thucydides, or other ancient historians. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


GRK-303 Greek Comedy
Select plays from Aristophanes and/or Menander, with attention to meter and style. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


GRK-304 Greek Tragedy
Select plays from Aeschylus, Sophocles, and/or Euripides, with attention to meter and style. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


GRK-306 Greek Oratory
Reading and analysis of selected speeches of Aeschines, Demosthenes, Isocrates, Lysias, and/or other Athenian orators. Not offered every year. Prerequisite: Greek 202 or placement.


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GRK-450 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


GRK-451 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U.


GRK-452 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F.


GRK-453 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U.


GRK-460 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F.


GRK-461 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U.


GRK-462 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F.


GRK-463 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor graded S/U.


GRK-470 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F.


GRK-471 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U.


GRK-472 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F.


GRK-473 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U.


GRK-474 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded A-F, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office.


GRK-475 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded S/U, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office.


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Course level: 100 | 200 | 300 | 400
LAT-101 Beginning Latin I
Introduction to reading and pronunciation of Latin, with emphasis on vocabulary, morphology, syntax. Offered every fall.


LAT-102 Beginning Latin II
Continuation of Latin I, introduction to reading and pronunciation of Latin, with emphasis on vocabulary, morphology, syntax. Offered every spring. Prerequisite: Latin 101 or placement.


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LAT-201 Intermediate Latin I
Designed to increase skill in reading texts. Selections from Latin prose and poetry are read, with continuing grammatical review and analysis. Offered every fall. Prerequisite: Latin 102 or placement.


LAT-202 Intermediate Latin II
Designed to increase skill in reading texts. Selections from Latin prose and poetry are read, with continuing grammatical review and analysis. Prerequisite: Latin 201 or placement.


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LAT-301 Topics in Latin
Exploration of historical, literary, or philosophical topics with special attention to the careful reading of select Latin texts. Prerequisite: Latin 202 or placement.


LAT-303 Latin Prose Topics
The purposes of this course are to develop students’ Latin reading skills and to familiarize them with the distinguishing features of various genres and authors of Latin prose. In addition to developing students’ command of Latin grammar and vocabulary acquired in prior study, the course will focus on central questions involved in the interpretation of Latin prose and the significance of particular authors and their works in the broader context of Roman literary history and culture. Authors and texts studied will vary from semester to semester. With departmental permission, students may repeat the course. Students who enroll in this course at the 303 level will have additional/special assignments as set by the instructor. Pre-requisite: At least one Latin course at the 200 or above, or by departmental permission or placement


LAT-304 Latin Poetry Topics
The purposes of this course are to develop students’ ability to read Latin verse, familiarizing them with various meters, genres, and authors of Latin poetry. In addition to developing students’ command of Latin grammar and vocabulary acquired in prior study, the course will focus on central questions involved in the interpretation of Latin poetry and the significance of particular poets and their works in the broader context of Roman literary history and culture. Poets and texts studied will vary from semester to semester. With departmental permission, students may repeat the course. Students who enroll in this course at the 304 level will have additional/special assignments as set by the instructor. Pre-requisite: At least one Latin course at the 200-level or above, or by departmental permission or placement.


LAT-305 Ovidian Transformations
Readings in Latin in various works of the Augustan poet Ovid, with an emphasis on elegy and epic. The course focuses on technical matters such as grammar, syntax, scansion, rhetorical figures, oral recitation, and on interpretation. Typically, interpretation needs to be distinctly secondary in order to convey the degree to which sophisticated interpretation depends on technical precision as well as on exegetical finesse. Prerequisite: Latin 202 or placement.


LAT-306 St. Augustine
Selections from Confessions, with attention to the differences between Late Latin and Classical Latin. Not offered every year. Prerequisite: Latin 202 or placement.


LAT-308 Roman Satire
Selections from Horace, Martial, and Juvenal, with attention to the changes in language and style from the Classical to the Post Classical period. Not offered every year. Prerequisite: Latin 202 or placement.


LAT-309 Roman Historians
Selections from Livy and Tacitus, with attention to their peculiarities of language and style. Not offered every year. Latin 202 or placement.


LAT-311 Lucretius
Extensive reading in On the Nature Of Things, with attention to Lucretius' metrical forms, science, and philosophy. Not offered every year. Prerequisite: Latin 202 or placement.


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LAT-435 Topics in Classics
In-depth exploration of a unifying topic in Classics, using original Latin texts and appropriate historical, literary, philosophical or other analytical frameworks. Topics vary with the interest and expertise of the instructor. Prerequisite: 300-level course in Latin or permission of the instructor.


LAT-450 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-451 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U


LAT-452 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-453 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U


LAT-460 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-461 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U


LAT-462 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-463 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor graded S/U


LAT-470 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-471 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U


LAT-472 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F


LAT-473 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U


LAT-474 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded A-F, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office.


LAT-475 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded S/U, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office


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