The Women, Gender, Sexuality Studies (WGS) Program at Gettysburg College provides opportunities for research and informed activism.
The WGS curriculum emphasizes critical thinking, global perspectives, and the diversity of human experiences through analysis of:
The WGS Program includes courses -- both interdisciplinary and in a variety of disciplines such as history, literature, anthropology, sociology, economics, and media studies -- that are informed by feminist, queer, critical masculinity, and critical race theories. In addition to developing theoretical analyses, students participate in hands-on experiences that involve them in activism. Empowered to use what they learn, students become engaged citizens.
Ten courses are required for the major in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies:
Six courses are required for the minor in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies:
Planning Your Courses:
Prospective majors and minors in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies are encouraged to talk with a WGS faculty advisor as early as possible in their academic career. Procedures for declaring a Major/Minor.
Because there is a preferred sequence of courses, all mandatory courses require careful planning. Students are strongly encouraged to take:
In order to help students design their majors and minors, the Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies faculty has designated the following course categories:
Reflect the latest feminist and LGBTQI scholarship and are located in other academic departments
Offered by academic departments and containing significant feminist or queer content
WGS-120 Introduction to Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies
Introduction to the conceptual tools for studying women and LGBTQIA individuals. Course introduces issues in feminist and sexuality studies theories, examines the diversity of experiences, structural positions in society, and collective efforts for change of women and LGBTQIA individuals.
WGS-210 Topics in Women, Gender, and Sexuality
Study of a topic not normally covered in depth in the regular curriculum of the Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies program. Offered irregularly.
WGS-214 Native American Women
Study of traditional roles of primarily Eastern Woodlands indigenous women from pre-colonization to contemporary times. Indigenous women’s centrality in their nation’s sociopolitical structures, cosmology, and distribution of wealth is discussed. Additional emphasis is on ceremonial rites for women and girls, and traditional customs relating to sexuality, childbearing, and marriage. Ways in which indigenous women and men balance the responsibilities of their nation are a key topic.
WGS-218 Feminism and Pornography
This course investigates the controversial issues of pornographic discourse within a feminist context by examining the arguments that continue to divide feminists to this day. This course tracks the debate from a historical, theoretical and critical perspective. Particular focus is given to topics such as power structures and sexual oppression, the effects of pornography, the problems of a common definition, the implications of censorship, gender and representation, homosexual production and consumption of pornography, female subjectivity and agency, and the difference between pornography and erotica.
WGS-220 The Pleasure of Looking: Women in Film
Course explores various images of women as constructed for the male and female spectator in both dominant and independent film. Traditional ways in which women have been represented in film are examined critically through the use of feminist theories. Course aims to examine how various feminist filmmakers challenge the traditional uses of the female voice in their own films. Films from other cultures than the U.S. are included.
WGS-221 Bridging the Borders: U.S. Latina and Latin American Women Writers
This course will explore the identity and the condition of women in Latin America and the United States. Latina and Latin American-women writers have illustrated women’s lives and experiences through their works and criticism. Their works have created women’s’ identities primarily from a borderline perspective, and sometimes from what Gloria Anzaldúa or Mary Louise Pratt refer to as a third space. For writers, the concept of space, gender, race, and class--as well as intersections and borderlands--play an important role when depicting Latin American women’s’ representation and Latina women in the United States and their experiences. We will use a comparative analysis utilizing texts from Latina and Latin American women writers to look feminist discourse across physical, geographic or abstract borders. The concept of space as an analytical tool will facilitate our textual analysis, and will serve to establish a common ground to discuss similarities and difference regarding women’s identity and their condition in Latin America and the United States. WGS 221 and LAS 222 are cross-listed.
WGS-222 Women's Movements in the United States
Study of women's activism and social movements organized primarily by women. Through the study of a broad range of women's activism, the course places the development of U.S feminism in its larger socio-historical context.
WGS-226 Feminism in Global Perspective
Study of women's activism to improve their lives around the world. Course analyzes similarities and differences in the issues women activists address in different parts of the world, the theories they develop to analyze those issues, and the forms their activism takes. Course also considers the possibilities for a global women's movement and provides theoretical tools for analyzing modern feminisms in their global context.
WGS-230 Women & Development
An analysis of the impact of changing development strategies on the lives of women in the Third World, especially in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as a review of how women have responded to these strategies. One major aim of the course is to examine how colonialism and later development policies have affected the status of women, and to examine critically the goal of the "integration of women in development." Differences of ethnicity/race, orientation, age, and class are taken into consideration.
WGS-231 Gender and Change in Africa and Afro-Latin America
An exploration of the diversity of women's familial, political, economic and social realities and experiences in West Africa and the African Diaspora in South America and the Caribbean. Particular attention is given to the processes by which indigenous West African gender and cultural patterns and their inherent power relations have shifted since pre-colonial times and across the Atlantic into the New World. Finally, the course examines the concept of Diaspora and theories relative to processes of cultural change, resistance, and retentions, as well as the role gender plays in these processes. No prerequisites. ANTH 231, WGS 231 and LAS 231 are cross-listed.
WGS-240 Gender & Sexuality in Ancient Greece
What determines our sex and gender? What sorts of romantic and sexual relationships are acceptable, and why? Who and what define the binaries of male and female, gay and straight, and can individuals move fluidly between them? How do people’s gender and/or sexuality relate to their social and economic positions? This course investigates ancient Greece as a case-study for the way that gender and sexuality works, providing new perspective on our own world. WGS 240 and CLA 240 are cross-listed.
WGS-253 Images of Women in Literature
Survey of literature and film from the second half of the 20th century. Drawing on novels, short stories, popular movies, and social and political history, this course takes an interdisciplinary look at women's and men's differences and commonalities, examines the various ways women and men have been imagined, how these images affect us, and how they have transformed as a result of the feminist revolution. ENG 253 and WGS 253 are cross listed. Counts toward WGS major. Offered occasionally. Fulfills humanities and conceptualizing diversity requirements.
WGS-255 Identity and Imagination: Jewish American Women Writers
Identity and Imagination: Jewish American Women Writers. A study of Jewish American women in literature and film. Praised as Yiddische mamas, derided as over-bearing Jewish mothers, condemned as materialistic Jewish American princesses, identified as red-hot mamas and sob sisters, active in Zionism, socialism, and feminism, Jewish American women fashioned complex identities for themselves. Fascinated with the ambiguity of identity in all its ramifications – gender, sexual, racial, religious – they used their literary and visual imaginations to explore and expand possibilities. ENG 255 and WGS 255 are cross-listed.
WGS-270 Objects of Desire/Desiring Subjects: A Survey of Italian Women Writers of the 20th Century
A survey of some of Italy's most prominent women writers of the twentieth century in English translation. The course covers a variety of themes dealing with the existential condition of women that surface in the writers' texts. Topics such as gendered writing, feminism, violence, gender (ex)change, feminine monstrosities and motherhood are the subject of students' analyses. Taught in English. ITAL 270 and WGS 270 are cross-listed.
WGS-280 Women and Italian Film
A study of the work of four prominent Italian women directors: Liliana Cavani, Lina Wertmuller, Francesca Archibugi and Francesca Comencini. While focusing on their depictions of social, cultural and historical issues affecting modern and contemporary Italian society, the course also analyzes the relationship between gender and theories of visual and filmic representation. Topics include social realism, social satire, World War II, concept of family, violence, mechanisms of gender construction, gender and film. Taught in English. ITAL 280 and WGS 280 are cross-listed.
Examination of the relationship between theory and collective action to improve societal conditions for women and LGBTQIA individuals. Course considers both theories of collective action and how theories inform collective action. Format combines seminar meetings with student internships in community organizations. Readings about collective action and about the relationship between theory and action provide a basis for analyzing students’ internship experiences. Prerequisites: WGS 120 and one other core or cross-listed WGS course, or permission of instructor.
Theoretical approaches to the experiences, representations, and relative positions of women and LGBTQIA individuals in diverse societies. Contemporary and earlier works are discussed in order to evaluate and synthesize multiple approaches. Prerequisite: WGS 120, or permission of instructor.
WGS-310 Queer Theories
This course will introduce students to the interdisciplinary field of queer studies. We begin with the history of LGBT identity in the West. We then explore the gay and lesbian liberation movement, distinguishing between assimilationist and liberationist approaches to LGBT social movements. We then discuss the difference between LGBT and queer identities, focusing on the rise of queer theory and queer politics. Throughout the semester, we will consider the relationship between queer studies and studies of transgender identity, race, ethnicity, disability, class, nation, and globalization. We will end with a critique of the notion of a global gay identity from the fields of queer globalization studies and queer of color studies. Prerequisite: WGS 120, or permission of instructor.
WGS-330 Classical Mythology
Examination of ancient myth in written and visual media, with special attention to mythic traditions, the development of religion, contexts for the creation and performance of myth, and various critical approaches to mythology.
Introduction to the various research methodologies represented in the interdisciplinary field of Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. Course studies feminist and LGBTQIA critiques of traditional disciplinary methods. Goal is to familiarize students with the strengths and weaknesses of the techniques of inquiry in their disciplinary perspective of choice through explicit examples and a series of lectures. Emphasis is on preparation for senior research project to be completed during the Senior Seminar. Prerequisite: WGS 120 and one other core or cross-listed WGS course, or permission of instructor. Recommended: WGS 300 or 310.
WGS-400 Senior Seminar
Examination of a topic from a variety of in-depth perspectives. Selected topic is broad enough to allow students to engage in projects of their own devising. Course serves as a bridge between the undergraduate experience and the world beyond Gettysburg College as students learn to put their feminism into actions. Prerequisites: WGS 120, WGS 300 or 310, 340 and one additional core or cross-listed WGS course.
WGS-450 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-451 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U
WGS-452 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-453 Individualized Study-Tutorial
Individualized tutorial not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U
WGS-460 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-461 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U
WGS-462 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-463 Individualized Study-Research
Individualized research not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor graded S/U
WGS-464 Honors Thesis in Women, Gender, and Sexuality Studies
WGS-470 Individualized Study-Intern
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-471 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship counting toward the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U
WGS-472 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded A-F
WGS-473 Individualized Study-Internship
Internship not counting in the minimum requirements in a major or minor, graded S/U
WGS-474 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded A-F, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office.
WGS-475 Summer Internship
Summer Internship graded S/U, counting in the minimum requirements for a major or minor only with written permission filed in the Registrar's Office