Research focuses on welfare expenditures and Social Security. Past projects include studies on welfare use and migration within the United States, the generosity of Social Security by race and ethnicity, and the adequacy of Social Security benefits in retirement. Current research interests also include criminal recidivism and the long-term effects of having received welfare benefits as a child. Teaches microeconomics, finance.
Chairperson/Associate Professor, Economics
Phone: (717) 337 - 6669
Box: Campus Box 0391
339 Carlisle Street
300 North Washington St.
Gettysburg, PA 17325-1400
PhD University of California, Berkeley,
Welfare Expenditures and Social Security