The Civil 
War Institute

300 North Washington Street
Campus box 435
Gettysburg, PA 17325
P: 717.337.6590

Peter Carmichael's Publications

In the News

Southern Cultures
"Truth is mighty & will eventually prevail"
Political Correctness, Neo-Confederates, and Robert E. Lee
by Peter S. Carmichael

The Christian Science Monitor
The war that made us 'we'
150 years later, the Civil War's nature and impact may finally be seen with clear eyes.
by Gregory M. Lamb
How We've Commemorated the Civil War
Take a look back at how Americans have remembered the civil war during significant anniversaries of the past
by John Hanc

In Print

Authored Books

The Last Generation: Young Virginians in Peace, War, and Reunion 
(Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2005)

Lee's Young Artillerist: William R. J. Pegram 
(Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1995)

Edited Books

Slavery in North America: From the Colonial Period to Emancipation: The Civil War and EmancipationVolume 4 
(London: Pickering & Chatto, 2009) Edited the volume and contributed the introduction and entries for each document.

Audacity Personified: Essays on the Generalship of Robert E. Lee 
(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004). Edited the volume and contributed the introduction and one essay.

Articles in Refereed Journals

"Truth is mighty & will eventually prevail: Political Correctness, Neo-Confederates, and Robert E. Lee," Southern Cultures.

"So Far From God and So Close to Stonewall Jackson: The Executions of Three Shenandoah Valley Soldiers," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 111 (2003)

"'Oh, for the Presence and Inspiration of Old Jack': A Lost Cause Plea for Stonewall Jackson at Gettysburg," Civil War History: A Journal of the Middle Period 41 (1995)

Review Essays

"Into the Murky World of Class Consciousness," a review essay of Jennifer R. Green's Military Education and the Emerging Middle Class in the Old South. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008 and David Williams' Bitterly Divided: The South's Inner Civil War New York: The New Press, 2008. Reviews in American History (December 2009)

"The Gettysburg Museum of American Civil War," Journal of American History(December 2009)

"Is there a Southern Doctor in the House," a review essay of Steven M. Stowe's Doctoring the South: Southern Physicians and Everyday Medicine in the Mid-Nineteenth Century. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2004. Reviews in American History (June 2005)

Contributions to Books

 "Turner Ashby's Appeal," in The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003)

"'All Say They are under Petticoat Government': Lizinka Brown and Richard Ewell," Intimate Strategies: Military Marriages of the Civil War, eds. Carol Blesser and Lesley Gordon (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001)

"New South Visionaries: Virginia's Youth and the Message of Progress," in The Myth of the Lost Cause and Civil War History eds. Gary W. Gallagher and Alan T. Nolan (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2000)

"Stonewall's Successor: Richard S. Ewell," in The Human Tradition in the Civil War and Reconstruction, ed. Steven E. Woodworth (New York: Scholarly Resources, 2000)

"The Great Paragon of Virtue and Sobriety: John Bankhead Magruder and the Seven Days," in The Richmond Campaign of 1862, ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000)

"'Every Map of the Field Cries Out about It': The Failure of Confederate Artillery at Pickett's Charge," in Three Days at Gettysburg: Essays on Confederate and Union Leadership, ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1999)

"We Don't Know What to do With Him": William Nelson Pendleton and the Affair at Shepherdstown," in The Antietam Campaign ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1999)

"'We Respect a Good Soldier, No Matter What Flag He Fought Under': The 15th New Jersey Remembers Spotsylvania," in The Spotsylvania Campaign ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1998)

"Escaping the Shadow of Gettysburg: Richard S. Ewell and A. P. Hill at the Battle of the Wilderness," in The Wilderness Campaign, ed. Gary W. Gallagher (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1997)

Article in Non-Refereed Publications

Edward Porter Alexander, James Longstreet, John B. Magruder, Gabriel C. Wharton, Bryan Grimes, Gabriel J. Rains, Barnard B. Bee, Cedar Creek, and Brandy Station, entries in Confederate Encyclopedia, ed. Richard N. Current (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993)

Sketches of John B. Gordon, Fitzhugh Lee, Robert Toombs, George Pickett, and Henry Wise in The Confederate General, 6 vols. , ed. William C. Davis (New York: National Historical Society, 1991-1992)

More than fifty articles and notes in Civil War Times Illustrated, Civil War: The Magazine of the Civil War Society, Military History Quarterly, America's Civil War, and North and South.

Scholarly Introductions to Reprints

G. Moxley Sorrel, At the Right Hand of Longstreet: Recollections of a Confederate Staff Officer (originally published 1905; Lincoln, Neb.: University of Nebraska Press, 1999)

John H. Chamberlayne, Ham Chamberlayne-Virginian: Letters and Papers of an Artillery Officer in the War for Southern Independence, 1861-1865 (originally published 1932; Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1992)

Frederick Phisterer, Statistical Record of the Armies of the United States (originally published 1883; Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1989)

Editorial Duties and Professional Service

Series editor of the Civil War and Reconstruction section for the Encyclopedia of Virginia (Published by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities). I created more than 600 entries, assigned authors to each entry, and edit each narrative entry for content. See

Series editor for Voices of The Civil War, published by University of Tennessee Press, 2002-present. (I review 5 to 7 manuscripts and write 2 to 3 forewords for published volumes yearly)

Associate editor for Civil War History: A Journal of the Middle Period, 2000-present

Series editor with Michele Gillespie (Wake Forest University) and William Link (University of Florida) for New Directions in Southern History, published by the University of Kentucky Press, 2005-present

Contributing editor to the Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, ed. Janet B. Hewett (Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot Publishing Company, 1997)

Contributing editor to Civil War: The Magazine of the Civil War Society 1998-2000

Contributing editor to Columbiad: The Quarterly Review of the War Between the States,1999-2000

I have read manuscripts for the following academic presses and journals: The University of North Carolina Press, Louisiana State University Press, The University of Tennessee Press, The University of Alabama Press, University of Georgia Press, The University of Florida Press, Indiana University Press, Southern Illinois University Press, The University Press of Mississippi, The University of Kentucky Press, University of Nebraska Press, Kent State University Press, The University Press of Virginia, The Journal of Southern History, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Southern Cultures and Civil War History.

Book Reviews

Bruce E. Baker, What Reconstruction Meant: Historical Memory in the American South(Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2007. The Journal of American History(June 2010)

Aaron Sheehan Dean, Why Confederates Fought: Family and Nation in Civil War Virginia Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007. The Journal of Social History(Spring 2010)

Elizabeth Brown Pryor, Reading the Man: A Portrait of Robert E. Lee Through His Private Letters. New York: Viking, 2007. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2008)

Scott Walker. Hell's Broke Loose in Georgia: Survival in a Civil War Regiment. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2005. The Journal of American History (September 2006)

Mark A. Weitz. More Damning than Slaughter: Desertion in the Confederate Army. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005. American Historical Review (July 2006)

Paul D. Casdorph. Confederate General R. S. Ewell: Robert E. Lee's Hesitant Commander. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 2004. Journal of Southern History(November 2005)

Ernest B. Furgurson. Freedom Rising: Washington in the Civil War. New York: Alfred E. Knopf, 2004. The Quarterly Journal of Military History (Autumn 2005)

Robert F. Pace. Halls of Honor: College Men in the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2004. Southern Cultures (Fall 2005)

Peter Wallenstein and Bertram Wyatt-Brown, eds. Virginia's Civil War Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2005. Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (Fall 2005)

Matthew Pinsker. Lincoln's Sanctuary: Abraham Lincoln and the Soldiers' Home, New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Civil War History (September 2004)

John B. Boles and Bethany L. Johnson, eds. Origins of the New South Fifty Years Later: The Continuing Influence of a Historical Classic, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2003. Georgia Historical Quarterly (Winter 2004)

Edward L. Ayers. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863, Norton, New York, 2003. America's Civil War (January 2004)

Allen C. Guelzo. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004. Civil War Times Illustrated (February 2004)

Roy Blount, Robert E. Lee. New York: Penguin Putnam, Inc., 2003. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2003)

Stephen Sears. Gettysburg. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003. American History (August 2003)

Stephen W. Berry. All That Makes a Man: Love and Ambition in the Civil War South. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003. Civil War Times Illustrated (April 2003)

William C. Davis. Look Away! A History of the Confederate States of America. New York: Free Press, 2002. Civil War Times Illustrated (May 2002)

James I. Robertson Jr. Stonewall Jackson's Book of Maxims. Nashville: Cumberland House, 2002. Civil War Times Illustrated (October 2002)

David W. Blight. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. Civil War Times Illustrated (August 2001)

Jay Winik. April 1865: The Month that Saved America. New York: Harper Collins, 2001.Civil War Times Illustrated (May 2001)

John C. Inscoe & Gordon B. McKinney. The Heart of Confederate Appalachia: Western North Carolina In the Civil War. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000. Georgia Historical Quarterly (Spring 2001)

William J. Cooper, Jr. Jefferson Davis, American. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2001.Civil War Times Illustrated (February 2001)

Mark L. Bradley. This Astounding Close: The Road to Bennett Place. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2000. Civil War Book Review (Winter 2000)

Peter Cozzens. General John Pope: A Life for the Nation. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. Civil War Times Illustrated (June 2000)

Wiley Sword. Southern Invincibility: A History of the Confederate Heart. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000. Civil War Times Illustrated (March 2000)

John David Smith and Thomas H. Appleton, Jr. A Mythic Land Apart: Reassessing Southerners and Their History. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997. The Historian (Spring 1999)

Albert Castel and Thomas Goodrich. Bloody Bill Anderson: The Short, Savage Life of a Civil War Guerrilla. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books, 1999. Civil War Times Illustrated (June 1999)

Benjamin Franklin Cooling. Fort Donelson's Legacy: War and Society in Kentucky and Tennessee, 1862-1863. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997. The Journal of Southern History (May 1999)

Herman Hattaway. Shades of Blue and Gray. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1997. Georgia Historical Quarterly (Spring 1998)

Michael A. Palmer. Lee Moves North: Robert E. Lee on the Offensive. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1998. Columbiad: A Quarterly Review of the War Between the States(Spring 1998)

Gordon C. Rhea. The Battles for Spotsylvania Court House and the Road to Yellow Tavern, May 7-12, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997. Civil War History (March 1998)

Kevin Conley Ruffner. Maryland's Blue & Gray: A Border State's Union and Confederate Junior Officer Corps. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997.H-Net Review (Spring 1998)

Jeffry D. Wert. General James Longstreet: The Confederacy's Most Controversial Soldier. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. Journal of American History (March 1995)

Thomas W. Cutrer, ed. Longstreet's Aide: The Civil War Letters of Major Thomas J. Goree. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1995. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (Summer 1994)

John J. Hennessy. Return to Bull Run: The Campaign And Battle of Second Manassas. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. Civil War Regiments (Summer, 1994)


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