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(Title page, 36 pages)

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Inclusive Dates: October 1925—April 1938

Bulk Dates: 1927, 1929-1932

Processed by: Jesse Siegel ’16, Smith Project Intern

July 15, 2016

Provenance

Purchased from Between the Covers Company, 2014.

Biographical Note

Possibly a group of three brothers—G. Leiber, V. Erich Leiber, and R. Leiber—participated in the German youth movement during the 1920s and 1930s. The probable maker of the photo album, Erich Leiber, was probably born before 1915 in north-western Germany, most likely in the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia. His early experiences with the youth movement appear to have been in conjunction with school outings and Christian Union for Young Men (CVJM) in Austria. He also travelled to Sweden in 1928, but most of his travels are concentrated in northwestern Germany. Later in 1931 he became an active member in a conservative organization, possibly the Deutsche Pfadfinderschaft St. Georg,[1] participating in outings to nationalistic locations such as the Hermann Monument in the Teutoburg Forest and to the Naval Academy at Mürwik in Kiel. In 1933 Erich Leiber joined the SA and became a youth leader or liaison for a Hitler Youth unit while still maintaining a connection to a group called Team Yorck, a probable extension of prior youth movement associates. After 1935 Erich’s travels seem reduced to a small group of male friends, ending with an Easter trip along the Rhine River in 1938.  

Historical Note

Following Germany’s defeat in World War I, the youth movement splintered into a broad range of groups, with confessional groups like Catholic and Protestant organizations being the single largest youth groups, while numerous other organizations existed across the political spectrum. Mostly drawing from the middle class, these organizations primarily promoted youth leadership and outdoor activities. One grouping, the Bündische Youth, influenced German society through changes in education standards and cultural practices. These groups, however, had very little influence on the politics of the period.[2] Between 1932 and 1933, paramilitary and conservative groups joined the Hitler Youth en masse and the Nazi bureaucracy eventually took over administration of all youth groups.[3] Some of the pre-war youth movement members withdrew from public life into outdoors activities following World War I.[4]

The cruiser Köln, pictured on page 22, was built in 1929, just before Leiber saw the ship on his Great Trip of 1930.

Scope and Content Notes

This scrapbook includes two sketches, 37 pages with originally 177 photographs (13 missing), three free photographs, and 3 magazine clippings. Below is a list of the places visited by Leiber in the course of the album and the images he included in the album, including their page numbers. Some of the images, particularly from pages 24-30, appear to be chronologically out of order.

Places Visited

---(2), Sauerland (2), Eifel (3), Galtür, Austria (4-10); Eifel (10-11); Sweden (11-12); Edersee (13), the Weser River (14), Detmold (14), Möhnesee (15), Hermann Monument (15), Schloss Waldeck (16),  Möhnesee (16); Rhine River (17); Rheydt (17); Bermen Harbor (18), Helgoland (18-19), Sylt Island (19), Wallsbüll (20), Mürwik Naval Academy (20), Schloss Glücksburg (21)?, the North Sea (21), Kiel (21), Kiel Harbor (22), Hamburg Harbor (23); Ennepetalsperre (24), Glörtalsperre (24), Kahler Asten (24), Waldeck (25), Edersee (25), Siegerland (25), Feusburg (26-27), the Rhein River (27), Bachrach (28-29),  Kaub (29), Laacher See (29), Wermelskirchen (30), Aufderhöhe (30), Glörtallsperre (30), Eifel (31), Mayen (32), Laacher See (32), Freiburg (32), Köln (33), Altenahr (33), Hohe Acht (33), Rolandsbogen (34);  Heidelberg (35); Pfaffenberg (35); Lingestalsperre (36); Kohleralm (36); Rhine River (36-37)?



[1] Stachura, Peter D, The German Youth Movement 1900-1945  (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981), 77.

[2] Ibid., 59.

[3] Koch, H. W., The Hitler Youth: Origins and Developments 1922-1945 (New York: Dorset Press, 1975), 101.

[4] Stachura, op. cit., 44.

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