MS - 015: Frederick H. Kronenberger, Company G, 2nd Regiment New Jersey Volunteers
Processed by: Christine M. Ameduri
According to his Compiled Military Service Record (CMSR), Frederick H. Kronenberger was mustered into Company G, 2nd Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers Infantry in Trenton, New Jersey on December 4, 1863. He saw very little action during the brief time he was enlisted until he was wounded in the knee at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House and died at Fredericksburg, Virginia on May 22, 1864.
Scope and Content Notes:
The bulk of the collection consists of 26 letters written by Kronenberger to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kronenberger, and aunts and uncles Hill and Ludwig while posted at Camp Perrine, Trenton, New Jersey, in December 1863, and from a camp near Brandy Station, Virginia between January and April 1864. His letters tell about his need for stamps, hats, shirts, vests, a rubber blanket and ink. He states that he likes hard tack. He writes about visiting friends in other units, receiving letters from family and friends, sending money to his parents, sending photographs of himself and receiving photographs, and newspapers (New York Herald, Sunday Mercury and True Flag). He writes of enjoying baseball games between other units, pitching quoits, and hunting for rabbits and squirrels.
Several letters between, Kronenberger's parents and Miss Belle Robison, a nurse/aid at Fredericksburg, discuss the wounds Frederick sustained and his subsequent death, as does a letter from James King, Surgeon General. There is also a letter from a teacher, Anne D. Potts. Miscellaneous items include notes, poems and Charles Kronenberger's 1852 U.S. naturalization certificate. Letters and other material are arranged chronologically.
His diary was written between December 2, 1863 and May 12, 1864, beginning with his leaving New York City to join the 2nd Regiment New Jersey Volunteers, and ending with his being sent to a division hospital after being wounded. Diary entries tell about camp life, writing and receiving letters and newspapers, visiting with friends and family, working in the cook house, target practice, taking a prisoner to the guard house, and standing on picket duty. Kronenberger also used the book as an address book and to keep an account of money sent home (1863-1864) and money spent for clothing, 1864.
The collection also contains a box of artifacts consisting of Kronenberger's pen, watch, pocket knife, spoon, tie, pipe and sewing kit.