MS-024: The Papers of the Major General Charles A. Willoughby
(13 boxes, 3.51 cubic feet)
Inclusive Dates: 1945-1974
Bulk Dates: 1949-1952
Processed by Jaclyn Campbell
Provenance: Donated by Major General Willoughby, 1945-1974. Some papers were donated posthumously by Mrs. Willoughby and Mr. William J. Sebald, executor of
Major General Charles Andre Willoughby was born as Adolph C. Weidenbach in
In August 1916,
During his military tenure,
He served as General MacArthur’s Chief of Intelligence from 1940-1951 and participated in active duty in
In May 1923 he married Juana Manuella Rodriguez in
He retired from service September 1, 1952, later moved to
The Willoughby Collection is arranged into ten series: Series I: Personal Papers, Series II: South America, Series III: Other Army Papers, Series IV: Asia, Series V: Sorge Espionage Case, Series VI: Clippings, Series VII: Photographs, Series VIII: Correspondence, Series IX: Manuscripts and Publications, and Series X: Collection Correspondence.
Scope and Content Notes:
Additional information on Willoughby can be obtained by searching under “Willoughby” in Musselman Library’s catalog.
Series I contains a biography of Willoughby, several speeches and addresses he gave, and a folder of local honors for Major General Willoughby.
Series II contains typescripts, written in Spanish, of radio programs from 1951 and 1952, concerning various South American countries and their economic relations with the United States.
Series III contains Army papers not related to Asia or South America. This series includes footlocker contents of Willoughby, Why Stalin Tricked the United States Into Pressing China to Sign the 30 Year Treaty with Soviet Russia (1945): An Analysis and Prediction, Soviet Prisoner of War Reports, Information on South Moluccas, and “Command and Staff Leadership for the National Police Reserve”.
Series IV contains materials from the Korean War and fighting in the Southwest Pacific during World War II as well as papers concerning Japan’s emperor and his decisions during World War II.
Series V contains published documents and House documents regarding this case. Also known as the “Shanghai Conspiracy”, the Sorge Espionage Case involved two supposed Communist spies, Richard Sorge and Agnes Smedley. Sorge confessed and was executed in 1944 for his actions but Smedley denied all charges. Despite having the charges against her proven to be unfounded, she relocated to
Series VI consists of newspaper clippings, both foreign and domestic, from the World War II and Korean Conflict eras regarding Communism, the wars, and Willoughby.
Series VII consists of a photo album of shots of Tokyo, loose photos of MacArthur and World War II, personal photos, and a photo of Olga Willoughby.
Series VIII consists of various correspondence of Willoughby spanning the time period from World War II through 1952. Some correspondences are written in foreign languages such as German, French, and Spanish. Most of the correspondence pertains to
Series IX includes three copies of MacArthur 1941-1951 written in Japanese; April, May, and June 1952 issues of Reader’s Digest published in French, English, Spanish, Danish, and German; a report before the United States Senate dated April 30, 1958 regarding an “assessment of the current situation with respect to Korea, Japan, China, Vietnam, and other countries of the Far East”; manuscripts for MacArthur 1941-1951; “The Character of Military Intelligence”; “Die Russiche Emigration”; and “The Return of MacArthur”.
Series X includes correspondence from and to Gettysburg College regarding this collection, both in its acquisition, as well as requests for viewing it. Also included are listings of the processed collection of MacArthur, which includes
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