MS - 028: The Papers of Daniel Chisholm, Co. K 116th PA, Civil War

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MS - 028: The Papers of Daniel Chisholm, Co. K  116th PA,  Civil War

(1 box, .27 cubic feet)

Inclusive Dates: 1862-1865

Processed by: Leia Dunn

July 2001

Link to Full Finding Aid

Provenance: Purchased from Charles Apfelbaum, 2000

Biography:

Daniel Chisholm was a young man from Uniontown, Pennsylvania when he enlisted with Company K 116th Pennsylvania Volunteers on February 29, 1864 with his brother Alex.  The 116th had already been in service since June of 1862, but it wasn’t long before the new recruits from Fayette County were made experienced soldiers in the battle of the Wilderness.  Other battles were to follow.  They encountered fighting again at Cold Harbor, Reams Station, then Petersburg.  Alex was promoted to sergeant on May 29, 1864, and Daniel was put in charge of Company C on November 10th 1864, and promoted to lieutenant.  The Chisholm brothers had many close calls, Alex was at one point in the hospital and according to 1883 pension records Daniel would receive a monthly allowance of four dollars because of a wounded leg.  Their regiment remained at Petersburg until news reached them on April 9, 1865, of General Robert E. Lee’s surrender.  Those in Company K that had survived the war were mustered out on July 14.

A few letters from Lt. L. Bentley are enclosed with the Chisholm papers.  Bentley apparently also served with Company K 116th Pennsylvania, though he had enlisted earlier than the boys from Fayette County, and was likely transferred with the old veterans to Company D.    

Scope and Content Notes:

The Chisholm papers include letters to friends and family members, mostly to his father, where he recounts interesting anecdotes of his war experiences and his thoughts on the Lincoln election and later assassination.  There is a list of friends and soldiers who died in the war created by Daniel and his brother Alex, and a journal of Daniel’s which covers the fighting from November 8, 1864 to Lee’s surrender in April 1865.  He comments on the action at Hatcher’s Run, Fort Stedman, White Oak Road, and Lynchburg Road Bridge.  He also mentions General Humphrey’s taking command of the Second Corps, daily camp life and picketing, and the execution of deserters. 

A book of field hospitals and a dictionary which belonged to Daniel are also included in the collection, along with the letters from Lt. L. Bentley. 

Link to Full Finding Aid