MS - 049: The Papers of Jacob M. Yingling, Class of 1952
Processed by: Keith Swaney '04
Despite the financial strain of the times, Jacob Yingling resolved to attend college and to pursue a career. Although he lived in poverty during his young adult years, he saved money from a number of small jobs at which he worked-including a paper route on which he sold stamps and war bonds-and started at East Stroudsburg University in 1948. After his freshman year, however, Yingling decided that he would transfer to Gettysburg College and enroll as a history major.
Upon graduation from Gettysburg, Yingling landed a teaching job in Manchester, Maryland. While there, he made a number of personal contacts that (1) inspired him to become a textbook salesman and (2) run for political office in the Maryland State Legislature.
During a span from 1963-1972, Yingling served in the Maryland House of Delegates. As a representative, he proposed a number of laws, including those to help impaired witnesses testify in court; provide tax relief to farmers; and improve the state's educational system. After serving in this capacity, Yingling was appointed Assistant Secretary for the Department of Economic and Community Development in the State of Maryland.
With this new position, Yingling soon faced new tasks and new challenges. He was responsible for Business and Industrial Development, the Office of Minority Business Enterprise, as well as Tourist Development under this agency. As Yingling remarks in his autobiography, A Man From the Palatinate: An Autobiography by Jacob Matthias Yingling, "In all . . . of these roles, I found my experience with banks, my education as a history major, and my employment in industry to be invaluable" (page 140). In 1976 this experience prepared Yingling to represent the State of Maryland on a trade mission to the Middle East. There, he met with business leaders from Syria, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Iran to promote better commerce between the State of Maryland and these nations.
During both his political career and later years, Yingling was a dedicated public servant. Among his many civic endeavors, Yingling served on the Boards of Trustees for the Maryland School for the Deaf as well as St. Joseph's Hospital in Towson. In addition, he became an avid supporter of Carroll County Community College and participated in its Cultural Advisory Committee. Aside from his work as politician, state employee, board member, and investor in a number of banking firms, Yingling presided over the Carroll County Historical Society from 1994 to 1995. Among a plethora of awards presented to Yingling throughout his career, Gettysburg College honored him with a "Distinguished Alumni Award" in 2000.
Scope and Content Notes: The Papers of Jacob M. Yingling, Class of 1952, consist of 23 boxes of processed material, two portraits, one photograph, and a four-volume, bound set of the Maryland Magazine. The collection encompasses 7.80 cubic feet (11.69 linear feet) and is composed of eleven series arranged somewhat chronologically. For example, series II on Gettysburg College (1949-1952) precedes series III, which documents Yingling's service in the Maryland House of Delegates (1962-1972). Since some of his life activities may coincide with others-Jake served on the Board of Directors of the Maryland School of the Deaf during his appointment as Assistant Secretary to the Department of Economic and Community Development, for instance-it was impossible to construct a pure chronology.
Researchers should note that the collection is rich in local history, particularly Gettysburg College and Adams County, Pennsylvania history, as well as the history of Carroll County, Maryland. Series I, II, and VIII especially reflect this trend. In series I: Genealogy, for example, one not only traces Yingling's family history, but gains valuable insight into Carroll County history as well.
Additional Reference: In addition to this manuscript collection, the researcher should consult Yingling's autobiography, A Man From the Palatinate: An Autobiography by Jacob Matthias Yingling (CS71.J562 2000), located in Special Collections-Gettysburgiana.
Yingling's thorough research into his family's past comprises the first part of the manuscript collection. This series is arranged from the general to the specific: publications, research notes, correspondence to him, and genealogical data on the Yingling family make up the first part of this series. In each file, materials have been arranged in chronological order as best as possible.
Additionally, one will find subject files relating to Yingling's ancestors-reaching back to Christian Yingling, who emigrated from Germany and died in 1758-arranged according to the male line. Although much of the material is photocopied because it stems from his archival research, these files are rich in content. They contain baptism, confirmation, marriage, inheritance, death, and land records from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and twentieth centuries, as well as a number of original and scanned photographs of Yingling's ancestors. Some of these records, including pension forms, are related to the military, as his ancestors fought in the War of 1812, the American Revolution, and the French and Indian War. In addition to the primary source material, text from Claude Rahn's history on the Yingling family supplements the series's content very well.
Series I contains five sub-series: Non-Blood Relatives; Related Families; Publications on the Schriver Family; the Redding-Rosensteel Families; and Records of Saint Joseph Church in Taneytown, Maryland. Since Yingling's love of history inspired him to document the history of non-blood relatives and related families, the series needed smaller groupings to arrange all related records. In comparison to the direct ancestry section of series I, these sub-series contain wills, land records, obituaries, miscellaneous letters, business receipts, inventories, and original and scanned photographs. Like all of the material in series I and the collection in general, there are both original and photocopied documents in these sub-series.
Furthermore, there is an abundance of local history in the sub-series. Since the Schriver, Weikert, and Redding-Rosensteel families originated in the Gettysburg area, one can trace the evolution of the community throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Schriver Family, for instance, owned a home in Gettysburg that witnessed the battle, while George Schriver fought in the Union army. In addition to the pension claims filed by Schriver's children in the late nineteenth century, one finds an interesting array of material on the house itself, its role in the battle, and its inhabitants. Sub-Series C contains four plays written by local author Marcus Steinour about the experience of the Schrivers and other local figures during the Battle of Gettysburg. There are two book drafts about the Schriver House that the researcher will find fascinating as well.
Many of the sources that document the Weikert Family are comparable to the types included with the Schriver Family subject files-scanned and original photographs, wills, marriage and death certificates, and miscellaneous documents. Also, original postcards addressed to Mary ("Mamie") Weikert and war ration books from the Second World War are unique sources in this sub-series.
The information on the Redding and Rosensteel families, however, dominates the latter part of this series and is located in sub-series D. Researchers will discover original materials-correspondence, pension certificates, contracts, and many indentures, especially between Margaret Rosensteel and other parties. In addition, sub-series D provides a glimpse into schooling in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Jake has included the fifth and sixth grade assignments and notes of Jennie Redding. These documents stem from the early 1900s and highlight arithmetic, grammar, and composition. Later in the sub-series the researcher will find two handwritten notebooks that belonged to Ave Maria Rosensteel, albeit thirty years later.
Box five of the collection includes an Adams County record book, which includes court records from the late 1800s as well as autographs of visitors to Little Round Top on the Gettysburg battlefield.
Sub-Series E, which contains transcribed and photocopied, original baptism, confirmation, marriage, and death records of St. Joseph Church in Taneytown, Maryland, is the final part of the genealogy series. These materials have been included in the collection because some of Yingling's ancestors, including Jacob Yingling (1815-1892), were baptized, confirmed, married, or buried there.
Series II--Gettysburg College
This series features Yingling's Gettysburg College years. First, there is a fascinating array of personal documents that were originally bound together; however, they were removed and conserved during processing. Moreover, these items have been retained in their original sequence. They range from his acceptance letter in April 1949 to college publications-the G Book and the Gettysburg College Bulletin, both of which were removed to the College Archives.
A neat part of this series features Yingling's work as a history major. He kept three examinations from classes in United States history, Historical Method, and "Practical Exercises in History." These exams, along with a document entitled "Instructions and Suggestions for the Preparation of History Papers," 7pp. (original), provide a glimpse into the life of a history student at Gettysburg College in the early 1950s. Aside from these materials that concentrate on history, one also perceives the nature of physics coursework at Gettysburg College in 1950, as he enrolled in Physics I during the spring semester of that year. Examinations and a notebook from this course are included in the series.
Since Yingling was a member of Alpha Tau Omega fraternity, a sub-series is devoted to his ATO records. For the most part, the fraternity's publications-The Manual of Alpha Tau Omega and The Palm of ATO-comprise this sub-series. However, the collection includes correspondence, ranging from January 1968 to May 1970, between Jake and other alumni Alpha Tau Omegas. Much of this correspondence discusses the state of affairs at Gettysburg College's ATO chapter.
Series III--Maryland House of Delegates
Materials that document Yingling's career in the Maryland legislature are included in this series of records. The researcher will find bills and resolutions that he proposed before the House of Delegates from 1963 to 1978. Some are original, while others are copies. Additionally, a press scrapbook, covering Yingling's years as both a delegate and Assistant Secretary to the Department of Economic and Community Development (1963-1978), resides in this series. This source is an outstanding collection of letters written to Yingling, newspaper articles about his work in the legislature, and miscellaneous photographs. The scrapbook has undergone conservation work and is not bound. These subject files consist of scanned items.
The second part of this series consists of miscellaneous records, publications, and the Synopsis of Laws Enacted by the State of Maryland-three volumes ranging from 1964 to 1972.
NOTE: The scanned personal and professional papers that comprise this scrapbook are also available on a compact disc, located in Box 20, Folder 4.
Series IV-Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development
Some of the most interesting materials in series IV are the reports that address various business projects in the Middle East (folder 10-8) and the Five Year Development Plan for Saudi Arabia (folder 10-7). Furthermore, a subject file filled with correspondence between Yingling and his family, as well as between Yingling and Arab business leaders, is worthy of mention.
In addition to these records, the series features memorandums from Yingling to other trade commission members, as well as handwritten notes that describe proper etiquette in the Middle Eastern countries. A group of photographs depicting Jake and other Arab and American trade delegation members is a great source that provides visual context to the Middle East trip.
NOTE: For letters, photographs, and newspaper articles about Yingling's position as Assistant Secretary to the Department of Economic and Community Development and the Middle East trade mission, see Box 8, Folder 7.
NOTE: For the two reels of film that document the Middle East trade mission-produced in both Arabic and English-see Box 23 (oversize).
Series V--Private Sector
This series of records is divided into two sub-series: Banking and Trust Companies and Publications. The researcher should note that the collection documents these firms, arranged in alphabetical order, generally from the late 1960s to the late 1990s. Types of records in this sub-series include annual reports, notices of annual meetings of shareholders, correspondence, reports of conditions, photocopied newspaper clippings, and various agreements between merging firms. The bulk of sub-series A involves Taneytown Bank and Trust, the Union National Bank of Westminster, and the Westminster Bank and Trust company.
Series VI--Civic and Community Organizations
Series VI documents Yingling's community involvement in the Maryland School for the Deaf, Saint Joseph's Hospital, and the Kiwanis Club. In general, this series contains newspaper articles, correspondence between Yingling and these agencies, as well as various reports that discuss fiscal and administrative matters. There are some publications incorporated into this series-"Deafness . . . Its Educational and Cultural Implications" and The Maryland Bulletin, a magazine that discusses the activities at the Maryland School for the Deaf. In sub-series C: Kiwanis Club, one will discover a unique scrapbook prepared by Yingling and conserved for the collection. It contains some original photographs and various newspaper clippings (photocopies) that document Yingling's service to the Kiwanis Club in Maryland.
Series VII--Fraternal Organizations
Aside from Yingling's Alpha Tau Omega records, the fraternal organizations of which he was a member-the Sons of the American Revolution and the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War-are documented in this series. The researcher will examine original and photocopied materials in this part of the collection, including Yingling's applications for membership in both societies. Since he had to trace his ancestry in order to join both groups, one should consult records in the genealogy series (series I of the collection) as well. In addition to the applications, the series also contains some correspondence and newspaper articles. One will find publications, including The SAR Magazine and The Bugle Call! in this series as well. He or she should consult the covers to these publications to find out the page(s) that discuss Yingling.
Series VIII--Carroll County Historical Society
The material in this section of the collection consists of board minutes; directories; the Carroll County Historical Journal, a publication that discusses the current affairs of the historical society; as well as miscellaneous correspondence and newspaper clippings. Photocopied and original sources comprise this series. Additionally, Yingling has included original photographs and programs from the 1994 and 1995 historical society galas. One should note that Yingling served as President of the Carroll County Historical Society during these two years.
Furthermore, the researcher should examine this series for miscellaneous local history. For example, one will find two publications about Carroll County, as well as records on historic sites in Taneytown, Maryland in this series of the collection.
A number of miscellaneous records and a personal scrapbook highlight this series. In the collection one will discover letters, certificates, newspaper articles, photographs, and other personal documents that Yingling saved. This series provides a home for these items-both original and photocopied-that did not explicitly fit into the other series. One should note that the original order in Yingling's personal scrapbook (box 20, folders 1 & 2) has been preserved, even though many of the documents are applicable to other parts of the collection.
In addition to these materials, this personal series contains a compact disc of Yingling's scanned personal and professional papers. One can also access these records in the press scrapbook (box 8, folders 6 & 7). An original, typed draft of The Life History of Jacob Yingling resides in box 20 of this series. This manuscript probably served as the basis for Yingling's autobiography entitled A Man From the Palatinate.
In series IX the researcher will also find a plethora of campaign materials that feature politicians at both the national and local levels, as well as a sub-series dedicated to Yingling's friend Hans Degelow. This sub-series contains a number of interesting letters written by Degelow. In addition, one will come across three photographs of Adolf Hitler and an original manuscript that Degelow wrote about his experiences in the Second World War.
Series X--Miscellaneous Publications
A number of publications had no obvious place in the other series of the collection; therefore, they have been placed towards the end of the collection. The publications on Catholicism have particular value to this series and indicate how the Church educated young men and women throughout the early part of the twentieth century.
Series XI--Oversize Materials
This series contains materials that could not fit comfortably into standard manuscript boxes. See the inventory for the specific records of this series.