Bio 114- Phage Genomics (Spring)
Bio 330 - Microbial Genetics
Research: Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPRs) are small RNAs that, together with CRISPR-associated (cas) genes, provide adaptive immunity in prokaryotes. CRISPR loci are present in half of all sequenced bacterial genomes and comprise several unique short spacer sequences, which are interspaced by conserved direct repeats. Spacers are acquired from foreign nucleic acids, (eg. invading bacteriophage), such that CRISPRs provide a remarkably dynamic adaptive immune system in both bacteria and archaea.
I investigate the function, diversity and evolution of CRISPRs in Salmonella, the #1 bacterial cause of food-borne illness in the USA. In collaboration with the PA Dept. of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and US Food and Drug Administration, I have established a rapid and accurate molecular subtyping method, CRISPR-MVLST, which uses CRISPR sequence information to separate Salmonella subtypes.
Ivanov YV, Shariat N, Register KB, Linz B, Rivera I, et al. A newly discovered Bordetella species carries a transcriptionally active CRISPR-Cas with a small Cas9 endonuclease. BMC Genom 2015 16
Shariat N, Timme R, Pettengill J, Barrangou R and Dudley EG. Characterization and Evolution of Salmonella CRISPR-Cas systems Microbiol 2015 161
Deng X, Shariat N, Driebe EM, Tolar B, Trees E, et al. Whole genome sequencing-based benchmarking of subtyping methods for Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis J of Clin Microbiol 2015 53(1)
Shariat N and Dudley EG.CRISPRs: Molecular Signatures used for Pathogen Subtyping. Appl and Environ Microbiol. 2014 80(2)
Shariat N, Sandt CH, DiMarzio MJ, Barrangou R and Dudley EG. CRISPR-MVLST subtyping of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovars Typhimurium and Heidelberg and application in identifying outbreak isolates. BMC Microbiol 2013 13
DiMarzio MJ, Shariat N, Kariyawasam S and Dudley EG. CRISPR-MVLST identifies populations of S. Typhimurium with differences in distribution and antibiotic resistance. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2013 57(9)
Shariat N, Kirchner MA, Sandt CH, Barrangou R and Dudley EG. Application of CRISPR-MVLST to distinguish Salmonella Newport outbreak isolates in the United States. J Clin Microbiol 2013 51(7)
Assistant Professor, Biology
Phone: (717) 337 - 6155
Box: Campus Box 0392
300 North Washington St.
Gettysburg, PA 17325-1400
BS University of East Anglia, United Kingdom, 2002
PhD Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, 2008
Postdoctoral Fellow: University of California, San Francisco, 2011
Postdoctoral Fellow: Penn State University, 2015
Molecular microbiology, Salmonella, CRISPR-Cas systems, host-pathogen dynamics, small RNAs, Food Safety