Charlotte France Werbe

Assistant Professor




Campus Box 0411


McKnight Hall
Room 16
300 North Washington St.
Gettysburg, PA 17325-1400


PhD Princeton University, 2018
MA University of Massachusetts - Amherst, 2012
Mount Holyoke College, 2010

Academic Focus

Visual Studies, Cinema, Comics, Testimony, Holocaust Literature, Yiddish, 20th + 21st c. French Literature, Translation

Working at the crossroads of media studies, literary studies, sociology, and politics, I read testimony—whether legal, religious, or artistic—as a sophisticated, audience-oriented speech act. My first book project, a manuscript titled After the Fact: Encounters in Holocaust Testimony, examines Holocaust testimonial practices in an archive of experimental graphic novels, films, and literary memoirs. I argue that these works stage the mediatic and sociohistorical conditions of their production, and in the process overturn some of the hallmark conventions of testimony—namely, coherence, consistency, and credibility. Through such innovations these works preserve the authenticity of their narratives, while also revealing the contradictory demands that are always inevitably caught up in the act of bearing witness. My study intervenes in ongoing and emerging discussions about personal and collective acts of remembrance, attending closely to the ways in which hegemonic discourse shapes the creation and transmission of knowledge. The archival holdings at the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies, the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University, and The Institute for Visual History and Education at the University of Southern California’s Shoah Foundation provided the historical sources for my study of testimony.

At Gettysburg, I am affiliated with the Jewish Studies Program and the Cinema and Media Studies Program. In the classroom, I enjoy exploring with students how different forms of visual media structure how we perceive the world. To that end, I have taught courses on the representation of violence in comics, of social difference in contemporary cinema, and, soon, on the entwinement of media and memory after the Holocaust.

My work has been published in The Journal of Holocaust Research, The Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies and the edited volume Shoah et bande dessinée: L'image au service de la mémoire. I have articles forthcoming in French Forum and a special issue of Etudes Francophones.


Courses Taught

  • Article (2018) Days of Terror, An Excerpt Yiddish in Translation

  • Article (2018) Werbe on Oksman H-Net, Book Reviews

  • Chapter ( 2017) Un Récit à Deux Temps Shoah et bande dessinée: l’image au service de la mémoire

  • Article (2014) Traumatic Memory and Bodily Inscription in Georges Perec’s W ou Le souvenir d’enfance and Philippe Grimbert’s Un secret he Journal of Literature and Trauma Studies

  • Article (2019) Teacher's Packet: Elie Wiesel's Night The Yiddish Book Center

  • Article (2019) Retroactive Continuity, Holocaust Testimony, and X-Men’s Magneto The Journal of Holocaust Research

  • Article (2020) Communicating Difference: Charlotte Delbo and Holocaust Testimony (forthcoming) French Forum

  • Article (2020) Remediating the Document: Photographs and Drawn Images in Mickey au camp de Gurs (forthcoming) Etudes Francophones (special issue on comics and intermediality, eds. J. Baetens, F. Leroy, H. Frey)