Psychology Prof. Richard Russell reveals a new sign of aging

Russell collaborated with researchers from CE.R.I.E.S., a department of Chanel Research & Technology dedicated to skin related issues and facial appearance
Russell researching facial perception

The contrasting nature of facial features is one of the signals that people unconsciously use to decipher how old someone looks, says Psychology Prof. Richard Russell, who has been collaborating with researchers from CE.R.I.E.S., a department of Chanel Research and Technology dedicated to skin related issues and facial appearance.

Russell“Unlike with wrinkles, none of us are consciously aware that we're using this cue, even though it stares us in the face every day,” said Russell.

The discovery of this cue to facial age perception may partly explain why cosmetics are worn the way they are, and it lends more evidence to the idea that makeup use reflects our biological as well as our cultural heritage, according to Russell.

In one study, Russell and his team measured images of 289 faces ranging in age from 20 to 70 years old, and found that through the aging process, the color of the lips, eyes and eyebrows change, while the skin becomes darker. This results in less contrast between the features and the surrounding skin – leaving older faces to have less contrast than younger faces.

Listen to Prof. Russell’s interview on BBC Radio 4.
He is featured from approximately 14:40 to 20:50.

The difference in redness between the lips and the surrounding skin decreases, as does the luminance difference between the eyebrow and the forehead, as the face ages. Although not consciously aware of this sign of aging, the mind uses it as a cue for perceiving how old someone is.

In another study involving more than a hundred subjects in Gettysburg and Paris, the scientists artificially increased these facial contrasts and found that the faces were perceived as younger. When they artificially decreased the facial contrasts, the faces were perceived as older.

Facial contrast imageThe image shows two identical images of the same face, except that the facial contrast has been increased in the left image and decreased in the right image. The face on the left appears younger than the one on the right.

Cosmetics are commonly used to increase aspects of facial contrast, such as the redness of lips. Scientists propose that this can partly explain why makeup is worn the way that it is – shades of lipstick that increase the redness of the lips are making the face appear younger, which is related to healthiness and beauty.

More on Russell's study is available from PLOS ONE, an open-access publisher that makes the world’s scientific and medical literature a public resource.

Founded in 1832, Gettysburg College is a highly selective four-year residential college of liberal arts and sciences with a strong academic tradition that includes Rhodes Scholars, a Nobel laureate and other distinguished scholars among its alumni. The college enrolls 2,600 undergraduate students and is located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania.

Contact: Kendra Martin, director of communications & media relations, 717.337.6801

Posted: Wed, 13 Mar 2013

Comments

I always thought RED lipstick would make a person look younger as long as it is applied right. I always wore Red but sometimes wear pink and it get lost on my face

Victoria | Posted Mar 16, 2013 02:15 PM


A bit of makeup always 'wakes' the face up. An appropriate amount of color I agree will make you look more alert and younger, just go easy and make it look as natural as possible. Now there is scientific proof a little makeup goes a long way to taking years off your look!

Michele | Posted Apr 11, 2013 06:22 AM


 

 
 

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