Faculty

Garry Adelman is the Chief Historian at the American Battlefield Trust and the Vice President of the Center for Civil War Photography.  An award-winning author, co-author or editor of 20 books and 50 Civil War articles, he has also worked as a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg for 25 years. Throughout his career, Garry has conceived and drafted the text for wayside exhibits at ten battlefields, has given thousands of battlefield tours at more than 60 sites, and has lectured at hundreds of locations across the country, including the National Archives, the Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian. He has also appeared as a speaker on the BBC, C-Span, Pennsylvania Cable Network, American Heroes Channel, and on HISTORY, where he was a chief consultant and talking head on the Emmy Award-winning show “Gettysburg” (2011), “Blood and Glory: The Civil War in Color” (2015), and “Grant” (2020). 

Sue Boardman has worked as a Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide since 2001.  She is a two-time recipient of the Superintendent’s Award for Excellence in Guiding, and is a recognized expert of not only the Battle of Gettysburg, but also the National Park’s early history, including its many monuments and the National Cemetery. Beginning in 2004, Sue served as an historical consultant for the Gettysburg Foundation for the park’s new museum project, as well as for the massive project to conserve and restore the Gettysburg cyclorama.   She also served on the advisory committee during the restoration of the Atlanta Cyclorama (2017-2019).  She has authored a book on the history of the Cyclorama titled, The Gettysburg Cyclorama: A History and Guide (2008) and co-authored The Gettysburg Cyclorama: The Turning Point of the Civil War on Canvas (2013).  Sue is also the author of Elizabeth Thorn: Wartime Caretaker of Gettysburg’s Evergreen Cemetery (2015) and has published articles in a number of Civil War periodicals.  Sue is also Director Emeritus of the Gettysburg Foundation’s Leadership Program. Her program, “In the Footsteps of Leaders” has been well-received by corporate, government, non-profit and educational groups.  A former ER nurse of 23 years, Sue also has worked as an adjunct instructor for Harrisburg Area Community College and Susquehanna University and has served as President of the historic Evergreen Cemetery Association, where she currently serves on the Board of Trustees.

Keith Bohannon is Associate Professor of history at the University of West Georgia, where he teaches courses on the Civil War and Reconstruction, the antebellum South, and Jacksonian America.  He is the author of numerous essays and articles, including most recently, “The Fatal Halts: Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Cedar Creek in John B. Gordon’s Reminiscences" in Steve Cushman and Gary W. Gallagher, eds., Civil War Writing, 1866-1989: New Perspectives on Primary Texts (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2019).

James J. Broomall is Associate Professor of History at Shepherd University, in Shepherdstown, WV, and the director of the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War, which promotes a dialogue among popular and academic audiences by integrating scholarship, education, and engagement. He is the author of Private Confederacies: The Emotional Worlds of Southern Men as Citizens and Soldiers, published by UNC Press in 2019 as part of the Civil War America series, as well as several articles in Civil War Times, Civil War History, and The Journal of the Civil War Era. In 2016, he co-edited, with William A. Link, Rethinking American Emancipation: Legacies of Slavery and the Quest for Black Freedom (Cambridge University Press). Dr. Broomall has completed two major historic resource studies for the Organization of American Historians on race and slavery during the Civil War era in partnership with, respectively, the Chesapeake and Ohio National Historical Park and Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park. He is currently working on a book project titled Battle Pieces: The Imagery and Artifacts of the American Civil War, which explores how historical imagery and military artifacts were used to create representations of violence, war, and death.

Kent Masterson Brown is an independent historian, author, battlefield preservationist, film producer, and retired constitutional attorney. Kent was the creator and first editor of the national magazine, The Civil War, and is the author of six books, including Cushing of Gettysburg: The Story of a Union Artillery Commander (University Press of Kentucky, 1993); The Civil War in Kentucky; Battle for the Bluegrass State (Savas Beatie, 2000); Retreat from Gettysburg: Lee, Logistics, and the Pennsylvania Campaign (University of North Carolina, 2005); and One of Morgan’s Men: The Memoirs of Lieutenant John M. Porter of the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry (University Press of Kentucky, 2011).  All of Kent’s books have been selections of the History Book Club and Military Book Club, and several have received national awards.  His most recent publication, Meade at Gettysburg: A Study in Command, is forthcoming from UNC Press in Spring, 2021.  An avid battlefield preservationist, he helped form the Perryville Battlefield Association, and has served on multiple battlefield advisory boards and commissions. Kent currently serves as the president and content developer of the Witnessing History Education Foundation, Inc., a 501( c) (3) non-profit organization which has produced numerous, Telly Award-winning documentary films on all aspects of American history that have been broadcast on public and cable television channels and other platforms across the country and overseas. A nationally-known speaker and battlefield tour guide, Kent is also a member of the Kentucky American Independence Semiquincentennial Commission, the Kentucky Film Commission, and a member of the Board of Directors of Smithfield Plantation, the home of Col. William Preston, located in Blacksburg, Virginia.

Peter S. Carmichael is the Director of the Civil War Institute and the Robert C. Fluhrer Professor of Civil War Studies at Gettysburg College. He teaches courses on the Civil War and Reconstruction, the American South, and public history. He is the author of numerous scholarly articles, essays, and three books: Lee’s Young Artillerist: William R.J. Pegram (University of Virginia Press, 1998), The Last Generation: Young Virginians in Peace, War, and Reunion (University of North Carolina Press, 2005), and most recently, The War for the Common Soldier: How Men Thought, Fought, and Survived in Civil War Armies (UNC Press, November, 2018). Dr. Carmichael has lectured widely on topics pertaining to the Civil War and public history, and has appeared as an expert scholar in several historical documentaries. He has also conducted numerous public presentations, teacher workshops, exhibit consultations, and multiple interpretive workshops for National Park Service staff, and has assisted with the development of the student internship program at numerous NPS sites.

 

Andrew Dalton is the Executive Director of the Adams County Historical Society in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, and a 2019 graduate of Gettysburg College. While at Gettysburg he received project funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and created two digital history projects relating to the development of the college and the history of Gettysburg's African American community. He is also the author of a book, Beyond the Run: The Emanuel Harmon Farm at Gettysburg, and several journal articles and columns in local and statewide newspapers. He is a frequent presenter for the American Battlefield Trust and his recent scholarship on Civil War map-makers was featured in the Washington Post. 

Doug Douds is a Professor in the Department of Military Strategy, Planning, and Operations at the U.S. Army War College, a retired Marine Colonel, and a Gettysburg Licensed Battlefield Guide.  He holds degrees in both History and Political Science, as well as a Masters degree in Strategic Studies.  A fighter/attack pilot by trade and a graduate of Navy Fighter Weapons School (Top Gun), he also has served as a strategist and senior speech writer for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs.  Presently, he is completing his doctorate in military history, focusing on the commanding generals’ staffs and principal advisors during the Gettysburg Campaign.

Zachery A. Fry is an Assistant Professor of Military History at the U.S. Army Command & General Staff College, Fort Belvoir, and the author of A Republic in the Ranks: Loyalty and Dissent in the Army of the Potomac (University of North Carolina Press, 2020). Prior to his appointment at Fort Belvoir, he taught history at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point. Fry's research focuses on politics in Civil War armies, and his work has received the Coffman Prize from the Society for Military History, the Hay-Nicolay Prize from the Abraham Lincoln Institute / Abraham Lincoln Association, and the Hubbell Prize from the scholarly journal, Civil War History.

Gary W. Gallagher is the John L. Nau III Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Virginia, where he taught for more 20 years. He haswritten or edited more than 40 books on the era of the Civil War and how it has been remembered. Active in the field of Civil War preservation, he was a founding member of the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites and has twice served on the board of the Civil War Trust (now the American Battlefield Trust). His most recent book is The Enduring Civil War: Reflections on the Great American Crisis (LSU Press, 2020). He is currently writing a book on the war's Eastern Theater for the "Littlefield History of the Civil War Era.

Michael Gorra is the Mary Augusta Jordan Professor of English at Smith College, where he has taught since 1985.  He is the author of Portrait of a Novel: Henry James and the Making of An American Masterpiece (2012), which was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in Biography, and The Bells in Their Silence: Travels through Germany (2004).  His latest book, The Saddest Words: William Faulkner's Civil War, was published in 2020. As editor, Gorra has put together volumes of stories by Joseph Conrad and Henry James for Penguin, along with the Norton Critical Editions of Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and The Sound and the Fury. A regular contributor to the New York Review of Books and other journals, Gorra has received both a Guggenheim Fellowship and a Public Scholar Award from the National Endowment for the Humanities, as well as the Balakian Citation from the National Book Critics Circle for his work as a reviewer. In 2014, he served as a judge for the National Book Award in fiction.

Christopher Gwinn is the Chief of Interpretation and Education at Gettysburg National Military Park, where he manages and oversees all aspects of the visitor experience and regularly leads interpretive talks and battlefield tours for the public.  A ten-year veteran of the National Park Service, he is a 2006 graduate of Gettysburg College and holds a Masters Degree in Public History. He has worked as an interpretive Park Ranger at Antietam National Battlefield, Boston National Historical Park, and the National Mall and Memorial Parks, where he created some of the first public programming conducted at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. He is the author of numerous articles and journal entries on the Battle of Gettysburg and the Civil War era.

John Heckman is known to online audiences as “The Tattooed Historian.” His brand of history, which often utilizes a variety of digital platforms to connect to broad and diverse audiences, has brought new voices into the field using the ideas of accessibility and authenticity. John earned his graduate degree in 2013 and has previously worked alongside the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on a large-scale archival assessment project. He has been a friend and partner of the CWI, Gettysburg NMP, and a host of other historical institutions. He is currently a doctoral candidate in History at Western University in London, Ontario, Canada, where he is studying War and Society during the First World War. 

John Hennessy is the Chief of Interpretation at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park.  During his years in public history with the NPS, he has been deeply involved in public conversations about the legacy and meaning of the war and, most recently, its relationship to our ongoing conversations about race, memory, and history.  He was the principal author of “Holding the High Ground,” an internal NPS document that helped reshape interpretation at NPS sites in advance of the Sesquicentennial.  He is also the author of four books on the Civil War and a contributor to six other volumes, with additional works in process.

John Hoptak is a Park Educator at Gettysburg National Military Park.  Prior to his arrival at Gettysburg, he served as a Park Ranger at Antietam National Battlefield. A lifelong student of the Civil War, Hoptak holds a Masters degree in History as well as a teaching certification in citizenship education in Pennsylvania. He is the author of several books, including First in Defense of the Union: The Civil War History of the First Defenders; The Battle of South Mountain; Confrontation at Gettysburg; and Dear Ma: The Civil War Letters of Curtis Clay Pollock.  He is also a frequent writer for Civil War Times and America's Civil War magazine.  A frequent lecturer, Hoptak is especially interested in the rich Civil War history of his native Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, including the 48th Pennsylvania Infantry, a regiment recruited almost entirely from his native county. He maintains a website dedication to history and interpretation of the 48th PA, www.48thpennsylvania.blogspot.com  

Jonathan S. Jones is the inaugural Civil War Era Postdoctoral Scholar at Penn State’s George and Ann Richards Civil War Era Center, where he is currently writing a book on opiate addiction and Civil War veterans. In August 2021, Jones will be joining the History Department at Virginia Military Institute, where he will teach courses in the Civil War era and the history of medicine. Jones's recent essays have appeared in The Journal of the Civil War EraThe Washington PostSlate, and other outlets. Prior to receiving his PhD in 2020, he taught high school history in his native Texas.

Ashley Whitehead Luskey is the Assistant Director of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College, where she works with students on a variety of research and writing projects involving Civil War history, digital history, and public history. She also is the coordinator of the CWI’s annual summer conference, where she regularly delivers talks, tours, and other scholarly programs for attendees.  Prior to her arrival at the CWI, she spent nine years working for the National Park Service as an historian and park ranger at Richmond National Battlefield Park. She is the co-author of “From Women’s History to Gender History: Revamping Interpretation at Richmond National Battlefield Park” (Civil War History, 2016).  She is currently revising a manuscript on Richmond¹s leading ladies and their socio-political authority in the Confederate capital during the Civil War.

Brian Luskey is Associate Professor of History at West Virginia University, where he teaches classes on the Civil War and Reconstruction, antebellum America, and cultural history.  His most recent book, Men is Cheap: Exposing the Frauds of Free Labor in Civil War America was published by UNC Press in 2020.  He is also of On the Make: Clerks and the Quest for Capital in Nineteenth-Century America (NYU Press, 2010), numerous scholarly journal articles, and the the co-author (with Wendy Woloson) of Capitalism by Gaslight: Illuminating the Economy of Nineteenth Century America (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015).

John McClure is the Director of Research and Publications at the Virginia Museum of History and Culture, formerly known as the Virginia Historical Society, in Richmond, VA.  He holds a Masters degree in History, and has also completed additional graduate study at the College of William and Mary.  McClure is the author of numerous essays published in Virginia’s Civil War (UVA Press, 2005), and Virginia at War, 1865 (University of Kentucky Press, 2012).

Peter Miele is Executive Director of Seminary Ridge Museum and Education Center in Gettysburg, PA.  Miele has spent the last decade working in museums, secondary education, higher education, and libraries.  At Seminary Ridge, he has been responsible for envisioning and constructing the museum’s robust educational and interpretive departments and is currently spearheading a new digital education initiative for the institution.  Miele has presented at national conferences of the Society of Civil War Historians, the National Council for the Social Studies, and the American Association of State and Local History.  He is currently working on a project situating the Gettysburg Campaign within the context of a humanitarian crisis.

Jennifer M. Murray is a military historian, with a specialization in the American Civil War, at Oklahoma State University.  In addition to delivering hundreds of Civil War battlefield tours, Murray has led World War I and World War II study abroad trips to Europe.  Murray’s most recent publication is On A Great Battlefield: The Making, Management, and Memory of Gettysburg National Military Park, 1933-2013 (University of Tennessee Press, 2014).  Murray is also the author of The Civil War Begins, published by the U.S. Army’s Center of Military History in 2012.  She is currently working on a full-length biography of George Gordon Meade, tentatively titled Meade at War.  Murray spent nine summers working as a seasonal interpretive park ranger at Gettysburg National Military Park (2002-2010), and is a veteran faculty member at Gettysburg College’s Civil War Institute and a coveted speaker at Civil War symposiums and roundtables.

Therese Orr is a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg National Military Park, where she has worked since September of 2016.  A 30-year veteran of the United States Navy and Navy Reserve, she retired from the Armed Forces as a Senior Chief Intelligence Specialist in 2007. Prior to earning her Guide license, she served as Lead Assistant at the Rupp House History Center in Gettysburg, interpreting the story of the civilian experience during the three-day battle. Therese enjoys researching and providing specialty tours for guests of the battlefield, especially when the guest is a descendant of a Civil War soldier. Therese’s husband, children and grandchildren are the descendants of a Union soldier who died in the fighting at Gettysburg and is now buried in Soldiers’ National Cemetery.

Beth Parnicza serves as the Chief of Education and Visitor Services at Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, where she oversees the park's interpretive direction and staff in telling the story of the beginning of the end of the war and the middle of emancipation. She previously served as a park interpreter at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Court House National Historical Park for 10 years, where she supervised the Chancellorsville Battlefield Visitor Center and worked at all four battlefields. Beth has authored multiple articles, addressing topics like the Battle of Fredericksburg, interpreting slavery, and a postwar incident in Fredericksburg. Her research interests include the overlap of cultural and military histories, especially in the shift towards a harder war.

Trevor K. Plante is the Director of the Textual Records Division at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC. A supervisory archivist, he specializes in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century military records. Trevor is an active lecturer at the National Archives and has been a frequent contributor to NARA’s blog, Prologue, with pieces such as, “The Shady Side of the Family Tree: Civil War Union Court-Martial Case Files” (Winter 1998), “U.S. Marines in the Boxer Rebellion” (Winter 1999), and “Researching African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866-1890: Buffalo Soldiers and Black Infantrymen.” (Spring 2001).  He compiled Reference Information Paper 109, Military Service Records at the National Archives, is a contributing author to the Encyclopedia of American Military History, and is the co-author of “Lincoln’s Fleeting Hope for an Early End to the War,” which appeared in America’s Civil War magazine.  Trevor has appeared in numerous documentaries, public broadcasts, television series, and other media specials including the Discovery Channel’s “Gettysburg: The Battle that Changed America,” several episodes of Brad Meltzer’s “Decoded” on the History Channel, the popular genealogy show, “Who Do You Think You Are?” and a piece run by D.C.’s Fox 5 News on the Lincoln Assassination.  Trevor has also served as a speaker and guest lecturer at numerous national and state genealogical conferences, the National Gallery of Art, National Museum of the American Indian, the United States Naval Academy, the U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and several Civil War symposiums.

Carol Reardon is the George Winfree Professor Emerita of American History at Penn State University. She is currently an adjunct professor of History at Gettysburg College. Dr. Reardon is the author of numerous books and articles, including Pickett’s Charge in History and Memory (UNC Press, 1997), With a Sword in One Hand and Jomini in the other: The Problem of Military Thought in the Civil War North (UNC Press, 20212), and both A Field Guide to Gettysburg and A Field Guide to Antietam (UNC Press, 2013 and 2016, respectively, with Tom Vossler).  In addition to her stints as a visiting professor at West Point and the Army War College, she also served on the board of Marine Corps University and spent two terms as president of the Society for Military History, from 2006 through 2009.

Jill Ogline Titus is Associate Director of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College. From 2007 to 2012, she was Associate Director of the C.V. Starr Center for the Study of the American Experience at Washington College in Chestertown, Maryland. Prior to joining the staff of the Starr Center, Titus worked seasonally for the National Park Service. Her first book, Brown’s Battleground: Students, Segregationists, and the Struggle for Justice in Prince Edward County, was published by University of North Carolina Press in 2011 and was a finalist for the Library of Virginia Literary Award. Her second book project, tentatively titled, “Gettysburg 1963: Civil Rights, Cold War Politics, and Historical Memory in America’s Most Famous Small Town” is currently under review at UNC Press.

Daniel Vermilya is a Park Ranger at the Eisenhower National Historic Site. He has previously worked at Antietam National Battlefield, Monocacy National Battlefield, and Gettysburg National Military Park. In his spare time, he has written three books on the American Civil War. His current research interests focus on how Gettysburg has been memorialized and commemorated, and how the battlefield and National Cemetery landscape were shaped by World War II. 

Jake Wynn is the Director of Interpretation at the National Museum of Civil War Medicine. He has previously worked with the Heart of the Civil War Heritage Area, the Tourism Council of Frederick County, and Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Wynn is currently stationed at the Clara Barton Missing Soldiers Office Museum in Washington, D.C. He writes independently on the history and culture of Pennsylvania’s Anthracite Coal Region on his blog, “Wynning History,” and is a founding contributor to the blog, “Pennsylvania in the Civil War.”