2019 Civil War Institute Faculty:

Edward Ayers is the Tucker-Boatwright Professor of the Humanities and President Emeritus at the University of Richmond. He is the author of numerous books, articles, and essays on the Civil War era, including In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863 (W.W. Norton, 2003), for which he received the Bancroft Prize, as well as The Promise of the New South: Life After Reconstruction (Oxford University Press, 1992), which was a finalist for both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award. His most recent book, The Thin Light of Freedom: The Civil War and Emancipation in the Heart of America (W.W. Norton, 2017), won the 2018 Lincoln Prize for best book published on the era of the American Civil War. Prior to his arrival at the University of Richmond, Dr. Ayers was the Hugh P. Kelly Professor of History at the University of Virginia, where he served as the Executive Director of the Virginia Center for Digital History and founded the Valley of the Shadow Project, an internet archive of sources collected from the Civil War communities of Franklin, PA and Augusta, VA. He currently serves as one of the cohosts for BackStory, a popular podcast about American history. Dr. Ayers has been named National Professor of the Year and also received the National Humanities Medal from President Obama at the White House.

Stephen Berry is Gregory Professor of the Civil War Era at the University of Georgia, where he specializes in the history of the nineteenth-century American South. The author or editor of six books, including House of Abraham: Lincoln & the Todds, A Family Divided by War (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2007), All That Makes a Man: Love and Ambition in the Civil War South (Oxford University Press, 2004), and (with Amy Murrell Taylor) Weirding the War: Stories from the Civil War’s Ragged Edges (UGA Press, 2011) Berry also oversees the digital history projects CSI: Dixie and Private Voices: The Corpus of American Civil War Letters. Berry’s work has been supported by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Mellon Foundation, and the American Council of Learned Societies, among others. He is currently at work on a new manuscript entitled Count the Dead: Quantification and the Birth of Death as We Know It.

Michael Birkner is Professor of History at Gettysburg College, where he has taught since 1989. His major scholarship has focused on aspects of 19th and 20th century American political and social history. He has written extensively on the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and the role of Eisenhower’s Chief of Staff, Sherman Adams. He is the recent author of Eisenhower’s Gettysburg Farm (Arcadia Publishing, 2017). Birkner has edited or coedited three volumes on the presidency of James Buchanan, including James Buchanan and the Coming of the Civil War (University Press of Florida, 2003) and James Buchanan and the Political Crisis of the 1850s (Susquehanna University Press, 1996), and another on the correspondence of Daniel Webster. His study of Bergenfield, New Jersey’s 20th century transformation was named a CHOICE outstanding book in 1995. Birkner is currently completing a book on the presidential election of 1952, and researching another volume on American correspondents in the Pacific Theatre during World War II. Birkner received his bachelor’s degree from Gettysburg College and his master’s degree and doctorate from the University of Virginia, with a specialization in Jacksonian era politics. A graduate of Gettysburg College, Birkner served in the mid-1980s as editorial page editor of the Concord Monitor in New Hampshire. He continues to contribute op-ed pieces to that paper and various other dailies.

Keith Bohannon is Professor of History at the University of West Georgia, where he teaches courses on the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Old South, and Georgia history. He is the co-editor, with Randall Allen, of Campaigning with Old Stonewall in Virginia: The Letters of Ujanirtus Allen, Company F, 21st Regiment, Georgia Volunteer Infantry (LSU Press, 1998). He is also the author of numerous essays, book reviews, and scholarly journal articles, including most recently, an essay analyzing General John B. Gordon's Reminiscences, which will be published in Gary Gallagher’s and Stephen Cushman’s forthcoming edited volume, Civil War Writing: New Perspectives on Iconic Texts (LSU Press, 2019). Prior to his appointment to the faculty at West Georgia, Dr. Bohannon worked as an historian, interpreter, and living historian with the National Park Service at multiple Civil War sites.

Patrick H. Breen is an Associate Professor in the Department of History and Classics at Providence College. He is the author of The Land Shall Be Deluged in Blood: A New History of the Nat Turner Revolt (Oxford University Press, 2015). He is currently working on a project that explores the treatment of race in Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America.

James J. Broomall is Assistant Professor of History at Shepherd University and the Director of the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War, which integrates academic scholarship, undergraduate education, and public engagement. He has published articles in Civil War Times, Civil War History, and The Journal of the Civil War Era and co-edited with William A. Link, Rethinking American Emancipation: Legacies of Slavery and the Quest for Black Freedom (Cambridge University Press, 2016). His manuscript, Private Confederacies: The Emotional Worlds of Southern Men as Citizens and Soldiers, is under contract with the University of North Carolina Press as part of the Civil War America series and is due out in the Spring of 2019.

Peter S. Carmichael is the Director of the Civil War Institute and the Robert C. Fluhrer Professor of Civil War Studies at Gettysburg College. He currently teaches courses on the Civil War and Reconstruction, the American South, and public history. He is the author of numerous scholarly articles, essays, and three books: Lee’s Young Artillerist: William R.J. Pegram (University of Virginia Press, 1998), The Last Generation: Young Virginians in Peace, War, and Reunion (University of North Carolina Press, 2005), and most recently, The War for the Common Soldier: How Men Thought, Fought, and Survived in Civil War Armies (UNC Press, November, 2018). Dr. Carmichael has lectured widely on topics pertaining to the Civil War and public history, and has appeared as an expert scholar in several historical documentaries. He has also conducted numerous public presentations, teacher workshops, exhibit consultations, and multiple interpretive workshops for National Park Service staff, and has assisted with the development of the student internship program at numerous NPS sites.

Joan E. Cashin is Professor of American history at Ohio State University, where she specializes in the social, economic, and cultural history of the Civil War era. She is the author of First Lady of the Confederacy: Varina Davis’s Civil War (Harvard University Press, 2006) which received the Fletcher Pratt Award from the Civil War Roundtable of New York. Her most recent books include War Stuff: The Struggle for Human and Environmental Resources in the American Civil War (a monograph published by Cambridge University Press in 2018), and an edited collection entitled War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era (UNC Press, 2018).

Colonel Doug Douds, USMC (Ret.), of Gettysburg, PA, is a professor at the U.S. Army War College. He has also served as a strategist and senior speechwriter for the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. An F/A-18 pilot, he is a Navy Fighter Weapons School (Top Gun) graduate and has multiple deployments around the world, including commanding a Marine fighter attack squadron in Iraq. He holds dual undergraduate degrees in History and Political Science, and received a Masters Degree in Strategic Studies from the U.S. Army War College. He is currently working on a military history doctoral degree from Leeds University, England. Doug is an avid historian and a Licensed Battlefield Guide, and enjoys leading educational tours of Civil War battlefields.

Mark H. Dunkelman is an artist, historian, and musician who studies the Civil War through the prism of a single regiment, the 154th New York Volunteer Infantry. During a lifetime of study he has connected with more than 1,200 descendants of members of the 154th and has built one of the largest collections of primary source material on any particular Civil War regiment, including more than 1,700 wartime letters, 27 diaries, portraits of more than 260 members of the regiment, and a great mass of other material. Those sources have served as the basis for six well-received books and dozens of articles on various aspects of the 154th’s history, as well as his 70-foot-long mural behind the regiment’s Gettysburg monument. He is the author of numerous publications, including Gettysburg’s Unknown Soldier: The Life, Death, and Celebrity of Amos Humiston (Praeger, 1999) and Gettysburg’s Coster Avenue: The Brickyard Fight and the Mural (Gettysburg Publishing, 2018).

Nicole Etcheson is the Alexander M. Bracken Professor of History at Ball State University. She is the author of A Generation at War: The Civil War Era in a Northern Community (University Press of Kansas, 2011), which won the 2012 Avery O. Craven Award from the Organization of American Historians and Best Non-fiction Book of Indiana from the Indiana Center for the Book at the Indiana State Library. A Generation at War studies Putnam County, Indiana in an effort to understand how the war changed, and did not change, the North. She is also the author of Bleeding Kansas: Contested Liberty in the Civil War Era (University Press of Kansas, 2004) and The Emerging Midwest (Indiana University of Press, 1996), as well as numerous articles on Civil War and Midwestern history.

Andre M. Fleche is Professor of History at Castleton University. He is especially interested in the international context in which the Civil War was fought, and his work has been published in the Journal of the Civil War Era, Civil War History, and the New York Times, among other venues. In 2013, Professor Fleche’s first book, The Revolution of 1861: The American Civil War in the Age of Nationalist Conflict (UNC Press, 2012), received the Southern Historical Association’s James A. Rawley Award. He was also named a Vermont State Colleges Faculty Fellow in 2016.

Dennis E. Frye recently retired from Harpers Ferry National Historical Park where he served as Chief Historian for 20 years. Dennis is the author of 10 books and 102 articles, including most recently, Antietam Shadows: Mystery, Myth and Machination (2018), September Suspense: Lincoln's Union in Peril (2012), and Harpers Ferry Under Fire: A Border Town during the Civil War (2011). Dennis is nationally recognized for numerous appearances on PBS, the History Channel, CSPAN and other television channels. A tour guide in high demand, he regularly leads battlefield tours for a wide range of tour groups, including those affiliated with the Smithsonian, National Geographic and the New York Times.

Gary W. Gallagher is the John L. Nau III Professor of History Emeritus at the University of Virginia. He has published widely on the Civil War era, including The Confederate War (Harvard University Press, 1997), Causes Won, Lost, and Forgotten: How Hollywood and Popular Art Shape What We Know About the Civil War (UNC Press, 2008), The Union War (Harvard University Press, 2011), and The American War: A History of the Civil War Era (with Joan Waugh, Spielvogel Books, 2015). He is also the editor of Fighting For the Confederacy: The Personal Recollections of Edward Porter Alexander (UNC Press, 1989), and the co-editor (with J. Matthew Gallman) of Civil War Places: Seeing the Conflict Through the Eyes of Its Leading Historians (UNC Press, March 2019). He was the founding editor of the "Civil War America” series at UNC Press, which during his editorship published more than 110 titles, and the first president (1987-94) of the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites.

Kent Gramm is Adjunct Professor of Civil War Era Studies and English at Gettysburg College. He is the author of November: Lincoln's Elegy at Gettysburg (Indiana University Press, 2001), which was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, as well as Gettysburg: A Meditation on War and Values(Indiana University Press, 1997), which was a finalist for the Lincoln Prize, as well as numerous other books on the Civil War era. A winner of the Crane Hartley Poetry Prize, he has also published two books of poetry. His most recent publications include Sharpsburg: A Civil War Narrative (2015) and the forthcoming Gettysburg: The Living and the Dead, a volume co-authored with photographer Chris Heisey.

Christopher Gwinn is a ten year veteran of the National Park Service. He is a 2006 graduate of Gettysburg College and holds a Masters Degree in Public History. He has worked as an Interpretive Park Ranger at Antietam National Battlefield, Boston National Historical Park, and the National Mall and Memorial Parks, where he created some of the first public programming conducted at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. Currently the Chief of Interpretation and Education at Gettysburg National Military Park, he manages and oversees all aspects of the visitor experience, and has written numerous articles and journal entries on the Battle of Gettysburg and the Civil War era.

Earl J. Hess is the Stewart W. McClelland Chair in History at Lincoln Memorial University. He is the author of more than 20 books on Civil War topics. His publications include: Pickett’s Charge: The Last Attack at Gettysburg (UNC Press, 2001, winner of the 2002 James I. Robertson Literary Prize for Confederate History and nominated for the 2002 Pulitzer Prize); Field Armies and Fortifications in the Civil War: The Eastern Campaigns, 1861-1864 (UNC Press, 2005, a finalist for the 2006 Jefferson Davis Award from the Museum of the Confederacy); Trench Warfare Under Grant and Lee: Field Fortifications in the Overland Campaign(UNC Press, 2007); The Rifle Musket in Civil War Combat: Reality and Myth(University Press of Kansas, 2008); In the Trenches at Petersburg: Field Fortifications and Confederate Defeat (UNC Press, 2009, winner of the 2010 Richard Barksdale Harwell Book Award); Civil War Infantry Tactics: Training, Combat, and Small-Unit Effectiveness(LSU Press, 2015, winner of the 2016 Tom Watson Brown Book Award from the Society of Civil War Historians and a finalist for the 2016 Lincoln Prize); and Braxton Bragg: The Most Hated Man of the Confederacy(UNC Press, 2016). His most recent book, Fighting for Atlanta: Tactics, Terrain, and Trenches in the Civil War, was published by UNC Press in 2018. His research focuses primarily on Civil War military history, broadly defined, especially the Atlanta and Vicksburg campaigns and the institutional and tactical history of the armies that fought in the Civil War.

John Hoptak is a Park Ranger and Educator at Gettysburg National Military Park. He has been employed with the National Park Service since 2006 and previously worked as a Park Ranger at Antietam National Battlefield. He is the author of several books, including First in Defense of the Union: The Civil War History of the First Defenders (Author House, 2004), The Battle of South Mountain (Arcadia Press, 2011), Confrontation at Gettysburg (The History Press, 2012), Antietam: September 17, 1862 (The History Press, 2011), and "Dear Ma:" The Civil War Letters of Curtis C. Pollock, First Defender and First Lieutenant, 48th Pennsylvania Infantry (Sunbury Press, 2017). Hoptak is also a frequent contributor to Civil War Times, America's Civil War, and other publications, and has spoken at numerous Civil War roundtables across the country. Since 2006, Hoptak has maintained a blog site dedicated to the 48th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, a regiment recruited from his native Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, which can be found at www.48thpennsylvania.blogspot.com. Hoptak holds a Masters Degree in History and a Pennsylvania teacher’s certificated in Citizenship Education, grades 7-12.

William B. Kurtz serves as the managing director and digital historian at the John L. Nau III Center for Civil War History at the University of Virginia. He holds a Ph.D in History from UVA.  Dr. Kurtz’s scholarship focuses on religion, immigration, and assimilation during the Civil War era. His first book, Excommunicated from the Union: How the Civil War Created a Separate Catholic America, was released by Fordham University Press in December 2015. His edited edition of David P. Conyngham's unpublished Civil War narrative, Soldiers of the Cross: The Heroism of Catholic Chaplains and Sisters in the American Civil War, will be released by the University of Notre Dame Press in 2019. He recently received a Karmiole Fellowship from the University of California at Los Angeles, an award that will help him write his forthcoming biography of Union Major General William S. Rosecrans.

Ashley Whitehead Luskey is the Assistant Director of the Civil War Institute at Gettysburg College, where she works closely with Gettysburg College students on a variety of original research-based Civil War and public history projects, coordinates the annual CWI summer conference, and gives tours of the battlefield to visitors. She holds a Ph.D. in nineteenth-century American history, with academic interests in the Civil War and Reconstruction, southern history, cultural history, public history, and the intersection of history & memory. Prior to her arrival at CWI, Dr. Luskey worked for 10 years with the National Park Service, including most recently, an eight-year stint as a Park Ranger and historian at Richmond National Battlefield Park where she helped co-organize and lead numerous special events for the Civil War Sesquicentennial. She has delivered numerous interpretive tours, lectures, and scholarly papers at educational institutions and public venues across the country, and has written articles on a variety of Civil War and public history-related topics for numerous magazines, journals, and blogs. Her most recent piece, a co-edited article entitled “From Women’s History to Gender History: Revamping Interpretation at Richmond National Battlefield Park,” was published in the June, 2016 issue of the scholarly journal, Civil War History. She is currently revising a manuscript tentatively entitled The Last Confederate Christmas: Leading Ladies, Social Politics, and Power in the Confederate Capital, for publication.

Brian Luskey is Associate Professor of History at West Virginia University where he teaches nineteenth-century American History. He is the author of On the Make: Clerks and the Quest for Capital in Nineteenth-Century America (New York University Press, 2010), the co-editor (with Wendy A. Woloson), of Capitalism by Gaslight: Illuminating the Economy of Nineteenth-Century America (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2015), and the co-author (with Jason Phillips), of “Muster: Inspecting Material Cultures of the Civil War,” Civil War History 63, no. 2 (June 2017): 102-110. He is currently writing a book entitled Men Is Cheap: How the War for Union Unmade Free Labor, which is under contract with UNC Press.

Greg Mertz is the Supervisory Historian at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. He has worked for the National Park Service for 38 years, where he has led organized tours of fourteen different Civil War battlefields and has selected and trained hundreds of seasonal employees, interns and volunteers in the practice of historical interpretation. He is the author of a forthcoming book in the Emerging Civil War Series (Savas Beatie, LLC), entitled Attack at Daylight and Whip Them: The Battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862.

Joe Mieczkowski is a retired Federal Executive and a Licensed Battlefield Guide for Gettysburg National Military Park. Joe is a past president of both The Association of Licensed Battlefield Guides and The Gettysburg Civil War Roundtable. In addition, Joe is on the faculty of the prestigious Lincoln Leadership Institute in Gettysburg, PA. He is the author of 3 books, including After Gettysburg: Lee Retreats and Meade Pursues (Pedia Press, 2016). Joe has been a featured author and speaker on C-SPAN and is a regular contributor to Civil War News and the Emerging Civil War blog.

Wayne E. Motts is the Chief Executive Officer of Harrisburg, PA’s National Civil War Museum, which is one of the largest museums in the country dedicated to interpreting and preserving the history of the American Civil War. He has also worked as a Licensed Battlefield Guide at Gettysburg National Military Park for thirty years. He holds a Masters Degree in History, and is the author of Trust in God and Fear Nothing (Farnsworth House Military,1994),  which is the only published biography of Confederate General Lewis A. Armistead. He is also the co-author (with James A. Hessler) of Pickett’s Charge at Gettysburg, which was published by Savas Beatie in 2015.

Jennifer M. Murray is a Teaching Assistant Professor in the Department of History at Oklahoma State University, where her teaching and research specialization focuses on the American Civil War and U.S. Military History. She is the author of multiple publications, including The Civil War Begins, which was published by the U.S. Army’s Center of Military History in 2012, as well as, most recently, On A Great Battlefield: The Making, Management, and Memory of Gettysburg National Military Park, 1933-2013 (University of Tennessee Press, 2014).  She is currently working on a full-length biography of George Gordon Meade, tentatively titled Meade at War. In addition to delivering hundreds of Civil War battlefield tours, Dr. Murray has led World War I and World War II study abroad trips to Europe. She is a veteran faculty member at the Civil War Institute and a coveted speaker at Civil War symposiums and roundtables. In addition, she has worked as a seasonal interpretive Park Ranger at Gettysburg National Military Park for nine summers (2002-2010).

Timothy J. Orr is Associate Professor of History at Old Dominion University. A 2001 graduate of Gettysburg College, he worked for eight years as a seasonal Park Ranger at Gettysburg National Military Park. His publications include Last to Leave the Field: The Life and Letters of First Sergeant Ambrose Henry Hayward (University of Tennessee Press, 2011), Never Call Me a Hero: A Legendary American Dive-Bomber Pilot Remembers the Battle of Midway, a volume co-authored with N. Jack “Dusty” Kleiss and Laura Lawfer Orr (William Morrow, 2017), as well as several scholarly essays about the Army of the Potomac.

Jason Phillips is the Eberly Family Professor of Civil War Studies at West Virginia University. He is the author of Looming Civil War: How Nineteenth-Century Americans Imagined the Future (Oxford University Press, 2018), Diehard Rebels: The Confederate Culture of Invincibility (University of Georgia Press, 2007), and the editor of Storytelling, History, and the Postmodern South (Louisiana State University Press, 2013). His current research explores the material cultures of Civil War America.

Carol Reardon is the George Winfree Professor Emerita of American History at Penn State University. She is the author of Pickett’s Charge in History and Memory (UNC Press, 1997), With a Sword in One Hand and Jomini in the Other: The Problem of Military Thought in the Civil War North (UNC Press, 2012), and (with Tom Vossler), A Field Guide to Gettysburg and A Field Guide to Antietam (UNC Press, 2013 and 2016, respectively). In addition to her stints as visiting professor at West Point and the Army War College, she also served on the Board of Visitors of Marine Corps University and spent two terms as president of the Society for Military History, from 2005 through 2009.

Brian Schoen is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Masters of Social Sciences at Ohio University. He is the author of The Fragile Fabric of Union: Cotton, Federal Politics, and the Global Origins of the Civil War (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009), which won the 2010 Bennet H. Wall Book Prize from the Southern Historical Association. He is also the coeditor of The Old South’s Modern Worlds: Slavery, Region, and Nation in the Age of Progress (Oxford University Press, 2011) and Between Sovereignty and Anarchy: The Politics of Violence in the American Revolutionary Era (University of Virginia Press, 2015). Dr. Schoen’s current project, American Interregnum, explores the coming of war as part of a broader global crisis in sovereignty.

Aaron Sheehan-Dean is the Fred C. Frey Professor of Southern Studies at Louisiana State University and the Chair of LSU’s History Department. He teaches courses on nineteenth-century U.S. history, the Civil War and Reconstruction, and Southern History. He is the author of Why Confederates Fought: Family and Nation in Civil War Virginia (UNC Press, 2007), Concise Historical Atlas of the U.S. Civil War (Oxford University Press, 2008), and is the editor of several other volumes. His most recent book, The Calculus of Violence: How Americans Fought the Civil War, is forthcoming from Harvard University Press in Fall, 2018.

Rachel Shelden is Associate Professor of History at the University of Oklahoma. She is the author of Washington Brotherhood: Politics, Social Life, and the Coming of the Civil War (University of North Carolina Press, 2013), which received honorable mention for the Wiley-Silver Prize for the best first book on the Civil War and was a selection of the History book club. She is also the co-editor, with Gary W. Gallagher, of A Political Nation: New Directions in Mid-Nineteenth-Century American Political History (University of Virginia Press, 2012). Dr. Shelden serves as the book review editor for the Journal of the Civil War Era. Her current book project explores the political culture of the U.S. Supreme Court in the long Civil War era, from the 1830s to the 1890s.

Kathryn J. Shively (Meier) is Associate Professor of History at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU), where she teaches courses on the Civil War and Reconstruction, early American military history, medical history, and environmental history. She is also Associate Director of VCU’s Science, Technology, and Society program. She is the author of Nature’s Civil War: Common Soldiers and the Environment in 1862 Virginia (UNC Press, 2013), winner of the Edward M. Coffman Prize in military history and the Wiley-Silver Prize for best first book on the Civil War. She holds a PhD in History as well as a B.A. in English Literature and Poetry. Currently, she is writing a biography of Confederate general and Lost Cause architect, Jubal A. Early.

Amy Murrell Taylor is Associate Professor of History at the University of Kentucky, where she writes and teaches about the history of the South and the Civil War era. She is the author of Embattled Freedom: Journeys through the Civil War's Slave Refugee Camps (UNC Press, 2018), as well as The Divided Family in Civil War America (UNC Press, 2005). Her research has been supported by fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Council of Learned Societies. Taylor has also served as a consultant for public history sites and is currently an editorial advisor for the Civil War Monitor magazine.

David K. Thomson is Assistant Professor of History at Sacred Heart University. His research focuses on finance during the American Civil War--specifically on Union bonds during the war and Reconstruction period. He is especially interested in the international dimensions of the Civil War and the role of international financiers. Dr. Thomson has written numerous articles and essays about his current research for the Journal of the Civil War Era as well as the Washington Post, New York Times, and Bloomberg, among other media outlets. He is currently completing a manuscript entitled The Evolution of Global Financial Markets in the Civil War Era, which is slated for publication in 2020.

Michael E. Woods is Associate Professor of History at Marshall University, where he teaches courses on southern history, the Civil War era, and the 19th-century US. He is the author of Bleeding Kansas: Slavery, Sectionalism, and Civil War on the Missouri-Kansas Border (Routledge, 2016) and Emotional and Sectional Conflict in the Antebellum United States (Cambridge University Press, 2014), which won the Southern Historical Association's James A. Rawley award in 2015. He has also published articles in the Journal of the Civil War Era, Civil War History, the Journal of American Studies, West Virginia History, the Journal of American History, and the Journal of Social History, and regularly contributes Field Dispatches to Muster, the blog of the Journal of the Civil War Era¿. He is currently completing a book about Jefferson Davis, Stephen Douglas, and the antebellum Democratic Party.¿

Colin Woodward is an historian and the editor of the Lee Family Digital Archive at Stratford Hall. He holds a Ph.D. in History and is the author of Marching Masters: Slavery, Race, and the Confederate Army During the Civil War, which was published by the University of Virginia Press in 2014. He also maintains an active history and pop culture podcast entitled Amerikan Rambler, which is available at on iTunes. Dr. Woodward is presently working a book called Country Boy: The Roots of Johnny Cash.

Cecily Zander is a Ph.D candidate and Winfree McCourtney Distinguished Graduate Fellow at Pennsylvania State University, working under the direction of Dr. William Blair. Her dissertation, “Agents of Empire: The U.S. Army, Native Americans, and the Civil War in the Making of the American West,” analyzes the experiences of soldiers and officers on America’s western frontiers—and the relationships between those experiences and the events of the Civil War. Cecily is the author of an article on the Grand Review of Union Armies, which is slated for publication in a forthcoming volume of the scholarly journal, Civil War History, and is currently writing about Indian war veterans and their fight to receive service pensions.

Andrew Zimmerman is Professor of History at the George Washington University. Originally an historian of Germany, he now works on the Civil War, Reconstruction, and the New South in a global context. He is the author of Alabama in Africa: Booker T. Washington, the German Empire, and the Globalization of the New South (Princeton University Press, 2010) and the editor of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Civil War in the United States (International Publishers, 2016). He is currently writing a history of the US Civil War as an international working-class rebellion entitled A Very Dangerous Element.