Musselman Library's policy for providing online access to video reserves is derived from the 2002 Technology, Education and Copyright Harmonization (TEACH) Act. The TEACH Act updated copyright law pertaining to transmissions of performances and displays of copyrighted materials. The revised provisions facilitate the use of these materials in an online educational environment without requiring copyright permission, provided several conditions are met. These include:
- Teaching must occur at an accredited, non-profit educational institution, and that institution must make copyright policies and copyright educational resources available to instructors, staff, and students
- All materials used for display and performance must have been lawfully made and acquired, and students must be notified of copyright protections on those materials
- The institution must use technological measures to provide access only to enrolled students, and also reasonably prevent access or retention of the copyrighted work beyond the length of a class session (i.e. one semester)
- Use of the resources must be as mediated instructional activity: integral to the course and supervised by the course instructor, and comparable to the kinds of performances and displays used in a physical classroom
- Non-dramatic literary and musical works may be used in their entirety, while dramatic works are limited to smaller, discrete portions, unless displaying the entire work is essential to the academic goals of the course
In order to comply with the TEACH Act, Musselman Library makes videos available through online course reserves based on faculty request. Those videos must be either part of the Musselman Library media collection or owned by the requesting faculty member. Commercial works that are sold or licensed primarily for digital distance education, i.e. videos which can be accessed through one of the Library's subscription-based online databases, are not eligible. Faculty must submit a completed online video reserves request form, either electronically or in hardcopy, when making requests.
Videos must be considered required viewing material for the requesting faculty member's class in order to be included in online video reserves; supplemental or optional material is not eligible but may be placed on traditional hardcopy reserves. Faculty members must indicate required viewing material in course syllabi, and provide a copy of the corresponding syllabus to Musselman Library staff when requesting online video reserves. In the case of feature films, faculty must also indicate to library staff which portion of the work to include, if the entire video is not essential to the goals of the course as outlined in the syllabus.
Musselman Library staff digitizes requested videos and make them accessible through Moodle, the College's course management system. Video files are stored on the Library's streaming video server, and Library staff places links to them in the requesting faculty member's Moodle class website. Library staff also removes those links at the end of the semester.
Moodle's authentication system ensures that access to video reserves is restricted to students enrolled in the specific class for which a video is requested. Students are not able to access the streaming video server directly, and they do not have access to videos made available for other classes. Because videos are viewable as streaming media files, they can not be downloaded and saved to individual user's computers.
Library staff also places copyright notification into Moodle course sites when inserting links to video material. Students must view and signify understanding of the copyright protections in order to access videos. All copyright notifications present in the original video are also included in the version available in Moodle.
Faculty members are strongly encouraged to monitor student usage of videos included in online reserves. The Moodle system includes administrative options which allow faculty to track access of materials. Musselman Library recommends that faculty take advantage of these options in order to encourage student participation, in the same way that participation in the physical classroom is monitored.
For more information about Musselman Library and Gettysburg College Copyright policies, please see:
For more information about the TEACH Act, please consult these resources: