MS-021: The Papers of John C. Tidball
(1 box, .27 cubic feet)
Inclusive Dates: 1861-1905
Bulk Dates: 1861-1865
Processed by: Melodie Foster
John Caldwell Tidball was born to a strict Presbyterian farm family near
When the Civil War began, Tidball was stationed with Battery A of the 2nd U.S. Artillery at
After he was mustered out of volunteer service on September 30, 1865, General Tidball resumed his position of Captain in the 2nd U.S. Artillery. He served in the west, where he was promoted to Major in 1867, and in
Tidball married twice during his life. His first wife was Mary Davis, daughter of Captain Davis of the U.S. Army and his second was Mary Langdon Dana, daughter of General N.J.T. Dana of the U.S. Army. When he died on May 15, 1906 at the age of 81, Tidball was survived by his four children, Mabel Tidball and Mrs. Robert S. Potter of Brownsville, NY, Professor John S. Tidball of Ohio State University, and Lieutenant William Tidball of the Artillery Corps.
He is best known best for his command of the Horse Artillery, his Manual of Heavy Artillery, and as the first officer to insist on the playing of "Taps" at a soldier's funeral.
Scope and Content Notes:
The John C. Tidball collection consists of the diary kept by Tidball during his time at Fort Pickens in Pensacola, Florida, April 1861; a letter to his father, dated November 16, 1862; a report of the actions of his artillery brigade leading up to the fall of Petersburg in April, 1865; an engaging account of his impressions and recollections of Savannah, written for his son in 1905.
Also see our Tidball subject file and Eugene C. Tidball’s No Disgrace to my country: The life of John C. Tidball, Kent State University Press, Kent Ohio, 2002.
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