Reconstruction failed Maryland's African Americans, Gettysburg prof says

After the Civil War, Maryland's African American population might have been better off in one of the conquered Confederate states.

That is one startling conclusion of research by Africana studies Prof. Sharita Jacobs, last year's Derrick Gondwe Scholar in Residence, who this fall will begin a new tenure-track position in both Africana studies and Civil War Era studies.

Maryland was one of five slave states that did not secede from the United States. Because Reconstruction was imposed only on former Confederate states, Maryland’s Confederate veterans and sympathizers retained political influence and resisted granting voting rights to African Americans.

More about Jacobs' research into the history of the African American community in the Prince George’s County area, where she grew up, is in the Around the Campus section of the spring issue of Gettysburg, the College's magazine.


Founded in 1832, Gettysburg College is a highly selective four-year residential college of liberal arts and sciences with a strong academic tradition. Alumni include Rhodes Scholars, a Nobel laureate, and other distinguished scholars. The college enrolls 2,600 undergraduate students and is located on a 200-acre campus adjacent to the Gettysburg National Military Park in Pennsylvania.

Posted: Thu, 26 Jun 2008

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